What is the policy of FC Barcelona
FC Barcelona as a symbol of the collective consciousness of the Catalans
Meyer, Iris (2010) FC Barcelona as a symbol of the collective consciousness of the Catalans.
Diploma thesis, University of Vienna. Faculty of Philological and Cultural Studies
Supervisor: Kremnitz, Georg
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Abstract in German
Spain is a state made up of many different nations, but this fact only found room for public recognition with the Spanish constitution in 1978. Quite the opposite of these events is Spain after the War of the Spanish Succession in the 18th century, when the country was treated as a centralized nation-state. Based on this, two characters of Spain can be identified. On the one hand the unifying idea and on the other hand the idea in which the main focus is on the regions. In the course of the German romanticism and the reconstruction of states according to nations in the 19th century, a cultural and political current arose in Catalonia, which is known as Renaixença. The aim of this movement was to revive and reactivate Catalan customs and traditions. The autonomous cultural Catalan movement is further known as Catalanism. Catalanism was never a movement that wanted complete independence from the Spanish state, the focus was rather on a political reorganization of Spain. The 19th century was marked by extreme instability in the country. After the failure of the First Republic (1873-1874) and the loss of the last overseas colonies in 1889, the Spanish state collapsed and Spain's ineptitude as an imperialist power and as a nation state was confirmed. Catalonia went through many difficulties until it achieved its Statute of Autonomy in 1979. Conditions for Catalanism improved with the Second Republic (1931-1936), but the outbreak of civil war (1936), which finally ended in the dictatorship of Franco (1939-1975), put an end to these improved circumstances. The Transición was a time of change, the most important of which was undoubtedly the 1978 Constitution, in which the 17 Comunidades Autónomas find authority. Before this admission, sport was a means of political expression. In addition, he created a feeling of belonging, he defined groups and differentiated them from others, which played an extremely important role in the process of nationality formation. The question of nations was particularly acute in the 20th century. At this point in time, football was born. Support for some clubs was considered an official way of expressing one's political opinion. Among them, FC Barcelona is probably the most important example, this club represents Catalanism, Catalan identity, that is, Catalan regionalism. FC Barcelona was founded in 1899 by the Swiss Hans Gamper and other foreigners. The club entered into an association with political Catalanism. In times of civil war, FC Barcelona was considered a means of survival for Catalanism. The phrase “Barça - mès que un club”, which Narcís de Carreras uttered in 1968, describes the unique role of FC Barcelona for the Catalans as a symbol of the identity of Catalan culture. The death of Franco in 1975 opened the gates for democracy in Spain, which was reflected in the structures of FC Barcelona. The following constitution of 1978 was the first step towards autonomy after Franco's death. FC Barcelona supporters demanded the Statute of Autonomy in 1979, which was granted six months later. The entire history of FC Barcelona is a testament to its unwavering and significant role for Catalonia in the struggle for regionalism and autonomy against Central Madrid. This opposition and relevance can best be seen when comparing the two clubs, Real Madrid and FC Barcelona. The rivalry between the clubs is still pervasive and is felt in the 90 minutes of Clásico, the clash between Real and Barça. What remains to be mentioned, however, is that the encounters between the two clubs, as well as all the demands of FC Barcelona and Catalanism, do not take place in a warlike and violent framework, but rather follow a clearly peaceful path.
Keywords in German
Nationalism / Soccer / Catalonia / FC Barcelona(The PDF layout is identical to the print version of the university thesis.)
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