The Auschwitz concentration camp is haunted

The list is continuously updated and corrected, additions are always welcome

The focus of the selection is on films that thematize the time of National Socialism and do not just use them as foils.

Feature films

Documentaries

Abrahams Gold, R: Jörg Graser, D 1990

"The film simply, unspectacularly tells a little German story from today, which is part of the great German history. A lost daughter comes home unwelcome [...], a former concentration camp guard takes his wages 45 years later dirty work and his helper finds out that he is himself a Jew. "

(1991 film yearbook, Heyne)

The adventures of Werner Holt, R: Joachim Kunert, GDR 1964

The Eastern Front in the spring of 1945: While his friend Gilbert Wolzow continues to believe in Hitler's "final victory", Werner Holt only wants to go home safe and sound. The young Wehrmacht soldier reminisces about his war experiences ... "(TV feature film)

After the Truth, D: Roland Suso Richter, D 1999

"With 'After the Truth', Roland Suso Richter dares a new form of historical analysis that links the past with the present free of fear of contact and presents the Nazis of today with a witness that they could not count on: Josef Mengele."

(cinema, issue 256, September 1999)

Aimée and Jaguar, R: Max Färberböck, D 1998

"The love story between a housewife and a young Jew in Berlin in 1943. For a while the Nazi follower and mother-cross bearer was able to live out her love, but then the Gestapo discovered the secret of the two women and deported the Jew to Theresienstadt. One of two excellent ones A film based on a true story, designed as an opulent set-up cinema that neglects the emotional potential of the contradicting protagonists too much. An interesting, if by no means completely successful film, in which the historical background often degenerates into a moving backdrop, so that it too does not find a balance between emotions and authenticity. "

(Film dienst Nr. 4, February 16, 1999)

Ashes and Diamonds, R: Andzrej Wajda, 1958The Assisi Underground, R: Alexander Ramati, USA / I 1984 (Jews in Italy)Au revoir les enfants, R: Louis Malle, F 1987

"January 1944 in France: 11-year-old Julien finds it difficult to separate from his mother; after the Christmas break he returns to boarding school. Three new classmates have arrived there. Bonnet, one of the newcomers, is highly intelligent and has been a secret to Julien from the start shrouded.Julien's instinct
is not deceptive. Bonnet is actually called Kippelstein, is Jewish and, like the other two students, is hidden from the German occupiers by the monks who run the boarding school. A young kitchen assistant denounces the monks. The three Jewish students, as well as the head of the boarding school, are picked up by the Gestapo. "

From a German life, R. Theodor Kotulla, 1976

"The life story of Franz Lang, who joined the NSDAP in 1922, met the Reichsführer of the SS, Heinrich Himmler, in 1928 and took up a position in the Dachau concentration camp on his behalf in 1934. In 1941 he became the commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp - with the order that the camp" be more effective "than the one in Treblinka. It is he who decides to use the poison gas Zyklon B to exterminate people. After the war, until his execution, Lang declared:" I only obeyed "." Bent, GB 1997

Before the Röhm putsch in the Third Reich, the last party is celebrated in Gretas Club in Berlin - Greta is played by Mick Jagger! After the Röhm putsch, Max and Rudy are deported to Dachau. Max denies his love for Rudy, later he gets to know Horst, who is also gay, and so finds his way back to himself and his identity.
A poignant film that was staged in a very sparse and theatrical manner and thus brings the viewer to join in
to deal with the brutality of the concentration camp. The first film about gays in the concentration camp who have long been forgotten in the history of the Holocaust.The Tin Drum, R: Volker Schlöndorff, D / F 1979Bronstein's Children, R: Jerzy Kawalerowicz, D / POL 1990Chicken Run, R. Nick Parker, Peter Lord, GB / USA 2000

You don't have to abstract too much to see in the fate of the plasticine chickens an allegory of the fate of the Jews during the Second World War: After a time in the camp in which 'only' the unproductive inmates were killed, everyone's life comes to an end at stake as when the killing is to be factory-run.

A Steven Spielberg production that impresses with its loving character drawings.

Come and see, D: Elem Klimow, USSR 1985

"The harrowing story of the maturation process of a 12-year-old boy against the background of Nazi atrocities in Belarus in 1943. Over long stretches very impressive and multi-layered. In the central scene, the destruction of a village, the film unfortunately relies too much on clichés of horror cinema and in places gambled away some seriousness and dismay. " (film service)

The Damned, R. Luchino Visconti, I / D 1968

"The decline of a German industrial family that wants to rehabilitate itself through cooperation with the National Socialists, but thereby accelerating its decline. Visconti's first part of his" German Trilogy "is the attempt in the guise of an operatic melodrama to establish connections between moral decadence, sexual neurosis, and aesthetic To show longing for death, narcissistic self-centeredness and political opportunism. In places the analysis of fascist consciousness succeeds impressively, but overall the staging all too often weakens the historical explosiveness of the material through its decorative diffusiveness and artificial stylization. " (film service No. 23/2000)

David, R. Peter Lilienthal, 1979

"The basis for the script was the authentic recordings of Joel König, written from the perspective of the child and the adolescent. It focuses on the immediate impact and personal experience more than on a historical or political analysis. The little son of Rabbi David escapes the deportation order and hides, without a yellow star, in Berlin. First he finds accommodation with a shoemaker, later he lives on the street. Only his last attempt to escape succeeds: David escapes from Germany. "The Devil's Arithmetic, D: Donna Deitch, USA 1999The Diary of Anne Frank, D: George Stevens, USA 1959The one in the 17er Haus, R: Artur Berger, Austria 1932,
"This futuristic advertising film describes the achievements of Red Vienna in 2032. St. Stephen's Cathedral appears vanishingly small in the midst of skyscrapers. The city archivist tells his grandson how
In the early 20th century socialism - also from its grandparents - was fought against urban alcoholism, Nazi terror and capitalism. Amazing and rare document of the left film that
Interwar period. "One day report from a concentration camp 1939, D: Egon Monk 1965Enemies, A Love Story, Paul Mazursky, 1989Europa, Europa, D: Agnieszka Holland, F 1990The frozen lightning, D: János Veiczi, GDR 1967

"Peenemünde 1939: The Army Research Institute is secretly working on a rocket for the planned war. The researcher Kummerow [...], an anti-fascist, anonymously sends a report to the English embassy in Oslo, which is initially ignored. But also resistance groups France and Poland are trying to stop the completion of the weapon of mass destruction. " (TV Today)

Conversation with the Beast, D: Armin Mueller-Stahl, D. 1996

"Hitler lives. In any case, the old man in the wheelchair (Armin Mueller-Stahl) claims to be Hitler. He is a proud 103 years old, his last hair indicates a right parting. He tells the US journalist Webster about his life: about the rage , into which he increased while he was speaking; the doppelgangers who represented him and one of whom shot himself in his place in 1945 ... "(TV Today)

God Afton, Mr. Wallenberg, D: Kjell Grede, S 1990The Great Dictator, D: Cahrlie Chaplin, USA 1940Hare hunting, R: Andreas Gruber, D / AUS 1994

"Sober, straightforward, sensitive and exciting, Gruber tells the true story of" Hitler's willing helpers ", without whom a system like the National Socialist could not have functioned. With his film, however, he also creates a shocking memorial to the victims, be it the concentration camps. Prisoners or those Germans whose resistance consisted of the dangerous everyday decision in favor of morality and humanity. " (Fischer Filmalmanach 1997)

Heimat, Edgar Reitz, 1984Herbstmilch, R: Joseph Vilsmaier, D 1988


"The film takes place in a small Bavarian village during the Nazi years. It is the story of Anna Wimschneider (according to her experience report) and her life in the village, which was often very difficult, but also brought happier moments. Above all else the story is told from the point of view of a woman who often had to assert herself against the rest of the family. The Nazi era is only told in passing and in passing. One has the impression that the work in the fields and farms did not leave people any time also to deal with politics. "The Himmler Project, D: Romuald Karmakar, 2000

The actor Manfred Zapatka reads the three-hour secret speech that Heinrich Himmler gave on October 4, 1943 in front of 92 SS generals in the Golden Hall of the Posen Castle, word for word. In doing so, Zapatka succeeds in presenting the speech soberly, without losing the threatening content and the terrible misanthropy of the unfiltered National Socialism

Hitler - a Film from Germany, R: Hans-Jürgen Syberberg, 1978Hitlerjunge Salomon, R: Frank Beyer, D 1985 (a Jew in the Hitler Youth, based on a true story)Holocaust, R: Marvin J. Chomsky, USA 1978, (4-part TV series)Jacob, the liar, D: Peter Kassovitz, USA 1999Jakob the Liar, D: Frank Beyer, 1974Everyone dies for himself alone, D: Alfred Fohrer, D: 1975

Anna and Otto Quangel [...] saw their son for the last time when he was called up in 1940. Shortly thereafter, Otti falls "for leaders, people and fatherland". The couple's world collapses; Phrases about hero's death offer no consolation. Anna's reaction: She secretly displays field postcards with the words "The Führer murdered my son". So she hopes to wake people up. But above all, it sets the Nazi state's surveillance machine in motion [...] at times quite sentimental, but always consistent and well-crafted implementation of the oppressive material. "(TV Today)

Judgment at Nuremberg, D: Stanley Kramer, USA 1961The Juggler, R. Edward Dmytryk, USA 1953

"A former German vaudeville artist who was drawn from the hell of the concentration camps comes to Israel as a lonely Jewish immigrant. But he can no longer overcome his pathological fear. Encounters with people in uniform lead to short-circuit reactions. An adventure film with a serious background in which in addition to the dense staging, it is particularly the performance of the main actor that impresses. " (film service No. 23/2000)

Kaddisch after a living person, D: Karl Fruchtmann, D 1968

"The Jewish funeral prayer Kaddish is spoken here for a living person: Johannes Bach [...] survived the concentration camp, but only physically, his soul is destroyed. - Director Karl Fruchtmann, son of a Jewish merchant family, was in Sachsenburg from 1935 to '37 and Dachau. In 1937 he emigrated to Palestine. [...] The film tells in an intense and depressingly realistic way of the psychological consequences of the Nazi terror. " (TV Today)

Kalman's Secret, R: Jeroen Krabbé, NL / BE / USA 1998

"(Jeroen Krabbés) directorial debut is based on a novel by Carl Friedman that is many things at the same time: a ballad about the inability to forget persecuted Jews, the story of a young woman at the intersection of two cultures and a reflection on the Hasidic faith, strictly Orthodox Judaism. [ ...] The newcomer to the production succeeds [the film adaptation] in a bumpy, trying, embarrassing, flat way. "

(cinema issue 255, August 1999)

Korczak, R: Andrzej Wajdas, D / PL 1989Let me be a pigeon, D: Miomir Stemenkovic, YU / DDR 1989

"Hans Sulka's son Josef, who came to the Waffen-SS through the Hitler Youth and fascist upbringing in the 'Reich', fights on the side of the occupiers. Sulka's daughter Anna found her way to the partisans after experiencing a terrible massacre Father, Hans Sulka, to remain neutral, but events force him to choose one of the children. "

(1991 film yearbook, Heyne)

The Last Metro, R: Francois Truffaut, F 1980

"In German-occupied Paris, the Jewish director of a Montmartre theater is hiding in his basement. His wife tries to keep the theater going and to cope with the political dangers and human complications." (cinema 7/1987)

Lubitsch Junior, D: Christian Bau, Jens Huckeriede, Manfred Oppermannn, Jenny Ramcke, Peter Stockhaus, D 1990

"A team disguised its documentary collage about a certain 'Lubitsch junior' as a clinical case of political repression. In order not to spoil the fun for themselves and the audience, the five makers assembled almost 60 minutes of front-theater nostalgia with statements from old soldiers. Entertainers. The main character, the man who 'sold himself' as the illegitimate son of the great director Ernst Lubitsch, a greasy bon vivant, not only swindled the reporters, he himself was the victim of his political and professional schizophrenia. Heinz Joachim Klein pulled the solo number of a provincial poseur, all the stops of that wretched, vain, and confused existence. The end and the rest were silence. An unforgettable study. "

(1991 film yearbook, Heyne)

The massacre- The Kappler case, R. George Pan Cosmatos, I / F 1973

"Unsatisfactory attempt to reconstruct the 'Kappler case' - the German hostage shootings after an assassination attempt on SS soldiers in Rome in March 1944." (film service)

The murderers are among us, D: Wolfgang Staudte, D 1946

"He cannot suppress the memory: during his time as a troop doctor around Christmas 1942, Mertens [...] had to watch his company commander shoot a group of Polish women and children. Now he recognizes that officer in a businessman who himself makes use of the suffering of the people in shattered Berlin. Mertens takes up the gun ... "(TV Today)

Moffengriet - Love does what it wants, D: Eberhard Itzenplitz, D 1994

"In 1943 a young Dutch woman, the daughter of a meat wholesaler, falls in love with a German occupation soldier and attracts the contempt of her fellow men There is no question that the "Moffengrieten", as the women are called, will be tried - a very personal chapter from the time of the Second World War that describes the division of families and friends and it happened like this or something similar in all occupied countries. " (film service)

Moloch, R: Alexander Sokurow, RUS / D 1999

"In a fortress shielded from the world, Hitler, his adjutant Bormann, Eva Braun, the Goebbels couple and a priest want to spend a weekend in the spring of 1942. They meet in the evening for a long meal, whose conversations are almost exclusively about the mundane or the banal. The next morning the company leaves again. More form-conscious, impressive in its visually impressive implementation, but ambiguous in terms of content, attempt to deconstruct Hitler and National Socialism with primarily aesthetic means. The contradiction between mythical monumentality and its trivial protagonists does not dissolve. " (film service No. 3 February 1, 2000)

Morituri, 1947Mutters Courage, R: Michael Verhoeven, D / GB / AUS1995

"... Fortunately, there are still other possibilities between the two poles, Claude Lanzmann's refusal of images and Steven Spielberg's mobilization of enlightened entertainment cinema with noble reservation. Michael Verhoeven relied on the ironic distance [...] ] "(Fischer Filmalmanach)

Naked among wolves, D: Frank Beyer, GDR 1963

"Spring 1945: In Buchenwald concentration camp, the hope of liberation by the Red Army grows. When a Polish prisoner secretly brings a child to the camp, the members of the resistance group get into a conflict of conscience. Should they hide the little ones from the SS, even if they are theirs." Organization endangered? [...] A highly dramatic plea for humanity that does not degenerate into a heroic epic. " [TV Tody]

The Night of the Generals, D: Anataloe Litvak, GB / F 1966

"The story of a psychopathic SS general told in flashbacks. The film aims to be a psychological study and restoration criticism, but not forego melodrama, criminalistic stimulus and erotic tickling. So it ends up in the colportage." (film service No. 23/2000)

The Pawnbroker, R: Sidney Lumet, 1965Playing for timeThe Council of Gods, R: Paul Bildt, Fritz Tillmann, Willy A. Kleinau, Inge Keller, GDR 1950

The directors of a chemical factory (meaning IGFarben) call themselves "Council of the Gods" in 1939. On the instructions of this council, Dr Scholz [...] continues his chlorine research. The company smells good business after Hitler's seizure of power At the Nuremberg Trials, Scholz later claimed that he did not know that his formulas were used for mass extermination. (TV Today)

Rotation, R: Wolfgang Staudte, GDR 1949

"Machinst Behnke was a typical follower at the beginning of the Nazi era. Until his brother-in-law asks him to repair a press on which anti-fascist leaflets are printed. Behnke's own son betrays him to the Gestapo . " (TV feature film)

The reed, R: Joachim Kunert, GDR 1974

"The story of a woman who sheltered a refugee in her home in 1944. In an hour of greatest danger, she hides him in an adjacent lake. After the war, her self-confidence is strengthened and she finds the strength to start again. Originally for the GDR -TV realized, masterful film adaptation of the Seghers story; neither intrusive in the argumentation nor moralizing in the evaluation. " (film service No. 23/2000)

Schindler`s List, D: Steven Spielberg, USA 1993Schtonk !, D: Helmut Dietl, D 1992The terrible girl, R: Michael Verhoeven, D 1990

"The film is based on the authentic story of a teacher from Passau who uncovered the brown spots of the past and present of her hometown in seemingly harmless history research. Formally unusual and sometimes exciting [...]"

(1991 film yearbook, Heyne)

The Search, 1948Shalom General, R: Andreas Gruber, D 1990

"A community service worker comes to the nursing home of a nursing home, gradually overcomes his disgust for the fragile bodies of the patients, arguing and making friends with a former Wehrmacht officer who is paralyzed to the ruff in a wheelchair - that's the story of 'Shalom General', but Anyone who thinks that Gruber's film is a boring, balanced dossier on the subject of geriatric care is wrong: 'Shalom General' is a funny, precisely composed 'cinematic' film [...]

(1991 film yearbook, Heyne)

The seventh cross, R: Fred ZinnemannSilence, R: Sylvie Bringas and Orly Yadin, GB 1998Stalingrad, R: Joseph Vilsmeier, 1992

The focus of the events around the Battle of Stalingrad, which are recreated with great material expenditure, is on the fate of the common soldier. The strong contrast between soldier and officer corps lacks sensitivity and relies on stereotypes rather than historical accuracy.

 

Stars, R: Konrad Wolf, (D) 1959

"[...] Another outstanding example that relates to the Holocaust is the movie" Stars "(1959), directed by the Jewish film director Konrad Wolf in East Germany. The film tells the story of a German soldier who is confronted with the Deportation of Greek Jews via Bulgaria. The question of individual responsibility is raised
but not answered. "(Frank Stern: Jewish images in German Films since 1945)

The Dance of Genghis Kohn, D: Elijah Moshinsky, GB 1996

"Detective Inspector Schatz, once a concentration camp guard and SS man, has to investigate a series of mysterious murders as police chief in a Bavarian village and look for a missing baroness. He is haunted by the ghost of the Jewish cabaret artist Cohn, who was murdered in Dachau in 1933, and he can do the murders At the same time he is cheated on by Cohn so that he gives up his job, learns Yiddish and eats kosher. Walpurgis Night staged a pitch-black comedy about the re-education campaign of the Jew Cohn, who turns his murderers into Jews and in the finale in the reawakened Germany in the concentration camp -Suit of the master race model sits. Evil, vicious, politically incorrect and as a political satire between all fronts. " (Fischer Filmalmanach)

A Taste of Sunshine, D: Istvan Szabó, Hungary / A / CAN / D 1999

"A Jewish family in Hungary fights against persecution and oppression - over three generations"

Tea with Mussolini, R: Franco Zeffirelli, I / GB 1999

"Italy in the 30s: A group of culturally obsessed English ladies is interned in Tuscany, but does not notice the actual gravity of their situation from a donation from an American showgirl and believes that they are under the special protection of Mussollini. One with wonderful actors and beautiful pictures Designed film, which was made without any sense of the temporal problem and is more like a debt relief process than a serious argument. " (Film dienst Nr.1 ​​/ January 4, 2000)

Train de vie, Dt .: Radu Mihaileanu, F 1998

Despite various conflicts, the film remains in its narrative element: naivety. And never drifts into the trivial, but is always profound, warm and impressively beautiful in the naive. This is one of the reasons why "Train of Life" is a film that lasts. Far beyond the silence at the end. "(Cinema March 2000)

Triumph of the Spirit, D: Robert M. Young, USA / PL 1990

(based on the authentic story of Salamo Arouch, who had to fight boxing matches in front of a Nazi audience in Auschwitz in order to survive)

Legacy of a Mother, D: Nizza Gonen, IL 1989,

"Instead of the money hoped for, the children of an Israeli woman from Poland inherit a video. On the tape, the mother describes her ordeal from the Warsaw ghetto to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. The children not only get to know their roots, they also learn about her to look at one's own life anew. Sensitive study of the aftermath of the Holocaust in the so-called second generation of Israel. " (Fischer Filmalmanach)

"... Sorry, I'm alive", D: Andrezj Klamt, D / PL 2000

"Five Jewish survivors of the Holocaust from a small Polish town tell of their lives, which began under normal circumstances, but had to develop under the burden of latent anti-Semitism. Without including the horror images of the extermination camps, the film bears witness to Jewish life in the 20th century. Century down and convinces with its clear, linear structure. It is thanks to the protagonists that the film is not marked by bitterness, but that the desire for reconciliation flows into the memories of past suffering. " (film-dienst 34 553; No. 23, November 7, 2000)

Viehjud Levi, R: Didi Danquard, D / CH / Ö 1995

"How an ideology breaks into the microcosm of a small village and spreads irrationally in the minds and hearts of the people, tells the first fictional film by the director Danquart. Danquart, who is known for experimental documentaries, describes the important impetus for the idea of ​​the film The experience he made in Sarajevo a few years ago: The realization that the neighbor, the friend, can become the other, almost overnight, a Muslim, a Serb, a Croat, an enemy. Viehjud Levi based on the play of the same name by Thomas Strittmatter tells the story of exclusion on the basis of the Holocaust. " (filmforum issue 19, number 4 September / October 1999)

La Vita e Bella (Life is beautiful), D: Roberto Benigni, I 1997

Italy just before WWII. The romantic fantasy Guido falls in love with the teacher Dora, with whom he experiences a wonderful romance. A few years later the Nazis destroy the happiness they share with their son Giosue when father and son are deported. The non-Jewish Dora voluntarily follows them to the concentration camp. Guido is determined to protect his son from the horror

the website of the French distributor

From hell to hell, D: Dmitri Astrachan, D / Belarus 1996

"Let's tell the true story of the pogrom of July 4, 1946 in Kielce, Poland, which killed 42 Jews. The trigger was a girl who was entrusted to a neighbor by her Jewish parents during the deportation. The two Jews survived the concentration camp, return again and demand their child back. The fight for the beloved daughter turns into a bloodlust. Especially the second part after the end of the war is a small masterpiece [...] It is a hard-to-digest, brutal film. " (cinema October 2000)

Weapons of the Spirit, D: Pierre Sauvage, U.S.A./F, 1989

Treated the rescue of 5,000 Jews in the village of Le Chambon

The White Rose, R: Michael Verhoeven, D 1982

Dramaturgically weak implementation of the Scholl siblings' lives. The film adaptation depicts the resistance movement in an enormous dialogue-heavy and undifferentiated manner.

When all Germans are asleep, directed by Frank Beyer, D 1994

"From a child's point of view, the ghetto is a place of distress, threat, humiliation, but also friendships and adventurous discoveries. Jurek Becker wrote the script for the atmospheric dense feature film based on his story" The Wall ""

Like a light in a dark night, D: David Seltzer, USA 1992

The time of the Third Reich provides little more than a slide for a spy film with a star cast

Wild geese II, R: Peter Hunt, GB 1984 (Rudolf Heß)The Witness, R: Chris Gerolmo, USA 1992Documentaries29 months in exile, D: Jessica MendelsEverything was possible ... The Dora concentration camp and the V-Waffenfabrik, D: Christian Klemke, D 1992

"Extensively sealed off by the SS and under great security precautions met in the
Autumn 1943 people and material transports at Kohnstein near Nordhausen. Here was that
Location for the secret "Mittelbau" project. Production systems for the V-2 weapon manufacture
were installed in this mountain, and thousands of concentration camp prisoners were deployed to build tunnels
and to carry out weapons production. What was initially a missile factory developed into
a huge arms center. Cannibalized by Americans and Russians after the end of the war,
the underground weapons factory disappeared when the tunnel entrances were blown up in 1948.

This period from 1943 to 1948 on the area of ​​the Mittelwerk and the Dora camp is told
the film. He gives facts and describes the background of the structure, the production phase and
the dismantling of the secret armaments plant. Victims, participants and bystanders all have their say
that combination of moral depression and technical excellence in and on the mountain
Kohnstein near Nordhausen.

Intensive research in a wide variety of film and photo archives yielded in some cases previously unknown
Images to the fore that are being shown for the first time on this topic "

Everyday life in the Warsaw Ghetto 1941, Israel 1993, Yad Vashem

based on footage of German soldiers

When soldiers became murderers. Three years of German rule in Belarus, D: Hannes Heer and Gerhard ThielAmerica and the Holocaust: Deceit and Indifference, D: Martin Ostrow, USA 1994And Crown Thy Good: Varian Fry in Marseille; R: Pierre Sauvage, 2001 (not yet published) The Angel of Bergen-Belsen: Luba and the Diamond Children, 1998 Anne Frank. Contemporary witness reports and archive material about the fate of the Jewish woman Anne Frank, who was murdered by the Nazis, D: Jon Blair, 2-part documentationArcheology, R: Andrzej Brzozowski, PL 1967The Art of Survival, R: Harlan SteinbergerAu nom de tous les miens (For Those I Loved), D: Robert Enrico, USA / F 1983/1990