Which color ends with A 1

The color wheel and the mixed colors

All the colors of the spectrum can be found in a rainbow. The full range of colors from red to green to purple. However, this multitude of colors must be arranged, brought into a system. This chapter deals with the order of the colors and their properties when mixed and superimposed. A very important, if not the most important, chapter to be able to properly understand hair coloring!

The basic colors

All colors that we can perceive consist of a mixture of the 3 basic colors. For example, if you mix yellow and blue, you get a green. First of all we should look at the 3 basic colors:

The 3 basic colors red, yellow and blue

Regardless of whether it is about hair color or the color for a piece of clothing or the new color of the living room wall. All areas in which you deal with color are based on the 3 basic colors and their mixture.

The mixed colors

If you mix the 3 basic colors you get 3 completely new colors:

  • red and yellow results orange
  • yellow and blue results green
  • red and blue results violet

In this way, the mixed colors of the 1st order have now been produced from the 3 basic colors. This type of mixture can now be continued indefinitely and hundreds of colors can be produced in this way. At this point we will only concentrate on the basic colors and the mixed colors up to the 2nd order. All colors that are created by mixing the basic colors or the mixed colors of the 1st order are very important to us when it comes to hair color. All tones can be found in every hair color card - regardless of whether it is Wella, Loréal or Schwarzkopf. Every manufacturer of paint around the world is bound by the basic colors and the mixed colors.

The 12-part color wheel with the primary colors and the mixed colors of the 1st and 2nd order

The 12-part color wheel with the mixed colors of the 1st and 2nd order

Additive and subtractive color mixing

Another important chapter is the different mixing or the different forms of mixing colors. ATTENTION: Hire comes already a very important part for mixing hair colors! If you mix colors, you can distinguish between 2 different types of color mix:

  • The additive color mixing
  • The subtractive color mixing

We would now like to briefly explain the two types of color mixing. In the later process, however, only that is left for us subtractive color mixing of importance.

The additive color mixing

Additive color mixing is achieved by outshining colored light. This means that whenever two or more light sources shine together or on top of each other, the colors both mix and lighten. For example, an orange-red and a green would result in the color yellow. That sounds strange at first, but only because we rarely have to do with additive color mixing in everyday life. Lighting technicians for concerts or stages, on the other hand, have to be very familiar with color mixing additives. The job of an illuminator here deals exclusively with this kind of mixture of light and colors. Another example of additive color mixing are old tube TV sets.

The following applies: the more lights shine together, the brighter the result will be. If you mix all the basic colors or all the colors together, the additive color mix results in the color white. On the next picture you can see what happens with the additive color mixing.

Note:
One speaks of additive color mixing, since the brightness "adds"

The additive color mixture - all colors mixed result in white.

The subtractive color mixing

A far more important form of color mixing for hairdressers is subtractive color mixing. Subtractive color mixing is used when mixing all material colors. For example, with paints for painters and house painters, paints for clothes and, of course, hair colors. The material colors, so-called body colors, swallow parts of the incident light. You could also say that they take the power of light and so body colors become a little darker when mixed with other colors. In contrast to additive color mixing, 99% of our daily lives deal with subtractive color mixing.

When coloring hair in particular, material colors are mixed and not colored and colored rays of light. The mixture of the different hair colors is therefore subject to the G of subtractive color mixing. The following figure shows the subtractive color mixing:

Note:
One speaks of subtractive color mixing, since the brightness of the color "subtracts"

The subtractive color mixture - all colors mixed result in black

Color and counter color - an important insight for hairdressers and hair dyers

We now know a lot about color, the basic colors and the different types of mixing. Armed with this knowledge, let's now take another step towards hair color and the correct use of hair colors. This section deals with the opposing colors, i.e. the colors that are exactly opposite each other in the color wheel. Man calls this "Opposite colors" also Complementary colors.

What do complementary colors have to do with hair color? A whole lot! Especially when matting unwanted reddening or combating unsightly green casts in hair, it is important to know exactly how colors work when you mix them.

To explain how the complementary colors behave, let's go back to the color wheel with the mixed colors of the 1st order:

Colors that are directly opposite each other in the color wheel are called complementary colors

The illustration shows which colors are opposite and complementary in the color wheel. If you mix green and red, for example, a darker gray is created (darker because it is a subtractive color mixture!) This is exactly how it behaves when you mix blue with orange or purple or yellow. All of these mixtures result in a gray. The complementary colors neutralize each other.

The opposite colors in hair coloring - an example from practice

To answer the questions of what influence the complementary colors have on hair coloring, here are a few examples:

With the knowledge of color mixtures and opposing colors as well as the knowledge of subtractive color mixing, you can already make many important corrections to a hair color. Has a blonde hair has an undesirable "yellow tinge", you can do it by adding violet from this "Yellowish tinge" to free. Violet is often offered here in the form of colored foam, clay rinse or milk shakes. For example, if you put a violet colored foam on the yellowish hair, this yellowish tinge is weakened. Since this is subtractive color mixing, the hair will be slightly darker in the process. In other words: Since the violet only gets onto the hair in a very small amount, the blonde does not get significantly darker, but it also loses some of its luminosity. Is a Hair color too green failed, it helps here a slightly reddish product about the hair to give to that Neutralize green.

These examples show how important it is to know about hair colors, their mix and contrast. At home, without this knowledge, without observing the laws of color, one should not dye or dye the hair.

How do brown and blonde tones come about?

In the color wheel that is created by mixing the three basic colors, the colors that are of great importance for the hairdresser's work are missing, namely the brown and blonde tones.

  • brown arise from more or less strong clouding of the primary colors and mixed colors of the 1st order contained in the color wheel. Red, orange and yellow.
  • Blonde colors are nothing more than light brown tones; However, they are influenced much more strongly than dark tones by the prismatic effect of the cuticle scales and therefore they appear as something special.

Just as the brown and blonde tones are created by clouding full colors, on the other hand they can be nuanced in many different ways by adding full colors to the color wheel. This possibility is often used when coloring hair.

An example —Assuming we mixed the primary colors red, yellow and blue, but added a higher proportion of red. All three basic colors mixed together result in a gray. The higher proportion of red, however, changes the gray to brown! The higher the proportion of red, the more reddish the brown becomes, ie a “reddish brown”. Whether we mix the opposite colors or mix red or yellow with gray - we always come to tones that roughly correspond to the blonde and brown of the hair colors. Whether we mix the opposite colors - to a “gray” - and add the “red” or “yellow” in a larger amount, or whether we mix gray to yellow or red, is pretty much irrelevant the tint and hair colors to the blonde and brown tones!

The following illustration clearly shows how the different basic and mixed colors relate to blonde and brown:

Brown and blonde tones are also created from the basic colors