Why was the Vatican built

Info Vatican

If one speaks of "Vatican", several meanings are subsumed under this generic term. The name designates a hill near the right bank of the Roman Tiber, the Holy See, under which the Pope and his departments belonging to him are to be counted, but it can also mean the Vatican City in Italywho have been operating as an independent state for years 1929 acts.
However, it becomes clear from these conceptual meanings that they are all mutually dependent, the Vatican State as such can only exist if the Pope is its head. The State of Vatican City is a so-called miniature state, in fact it is even the smallest recognized and independent state in the world, with an area of ​​just 0.44 square kilometers and only counting around a thousand inhabitants.
According to constitutional law, this is an elective monarchy, the Pope, who is elected by the cardinals and thus put into office, presides over the Vatican as head, he holds his office from the time of the election for the duration of his life.
Significant buildings and areas of the city belong to the Vatican State Rome, for example St. Peter's Basilica, the famous Sistine Chapel, designed and painted in its interior by great artists such as Michelangelo, Botticelli or Perugino, St. Peter's Square is also part of the territory of the dwarf state. The palaces and gardens that are enclosed by the Vatican walls must also be included in the area of ​​the Vatican State.
Original Seat of the Popes of the Catholic Church was the Lateran Palace until the 14th century, the name "Vatican" only referred to the hill mentioned at the beginning near the right bank of the Tiber. Already at the time of the fall of the great Roman Empire, the popes demanded not only spiritual but also secular rule over Roman territory, which they had been guaranteed by various donations. The residence was the Lateran Palace, it was not until the Middle Ages that the head of the church moved in the course of his office and resided on the Vatican Hill. The Apostolic Palace was built in 1589, which still houses important administrative bodies as well as the private apartment of the Holy Father contains. Step by step, the Vatican State was expanded and its power was consolidated.
The political unrest and revolutions of the 19th century not only shook Italy, but also the Vatican State, only in the year 1929 Finally, the Vatican was re-established as a sovereign state, which was enshrined in the Lateran Treaties between the Kingdom of Italy and the authority of the Holy See.
The papal authority, that is, the authority of the Holy See, is again sovereign and is designated and regarded as a non-state subject under international law; Even though the Pope is head of the Vatican State, the Holy See as such is to be separated from the Vatican State as an authority. In the case of the State of Vatican City and the Holy See, there is a double sovereignty under international law.
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