What was invented in 1960
1961 to 1964: space flight, communications satellite, digital camera and cassette recorder
Manned space flight
Manned space flight - Country: 1961 Soviet Union
In 1961, too, the Soviet Union continued to be ahead in the race to “conquer” space. While the rival superpower USA was still pretty much stuck on the ground, the Soviet Union had already dropped a probe on the moon - and now, two years later, the first manned space flight followed. The Vostok 1 mission, with which the cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin reached Earth orbit, was celebrated as a symbol of socialist supremacy. The folk hero Gagarin reached a height of 315 kilometers above the ground, until he landed unscathed after 106 minutes of flight and an orbit around the earth with the help of a parachute.
PAL color television - inventor: 1962 Walter Bruch (Telefunken)
In the 1960s, most households still had black and white televisions. Color televisions were comparatively expensive and lacked color quality. The PAL system (Phase Alternation Line) developed around 1962 brought a visible improvement. It was based on calculating two adjacent image lines with one another and thus correcting the color tone. The German engineer Walter Bruch is considered to be the inventor. However, a service was apparently based on considerable preparatory work by other companies or inventors. The main features of the PAL process were known ten years earlier.
Communications Satellite - Country: 1962 USA
Finally a success in space technology: in 1962 the USA launched Telstar 1, the first communication satellite in space. Telstar 1 could (at least theoretically) transmit television programs and telephone calls. However, the satellite was not on a geostationary orbit, which turned out to be bad planning. He could only work in a short time window until he was inaccessible due to his changed position relative to earth. In addition to this shortcoming, Telstar 1 was damaged shortly after its launch and therefore soon failed.
Digital camera inventor: 1963 David Paul Gregg
The digital camera is not an invention of recent years, but dates back to 1963. At that time, the American David Paul Gregg developed a "video disc camera". It had a storage medium called a "video disc", but could only preserve images for a limited time. Photosensitive chips (CCD) were finally introduced in 1969 by Willard Boyle and George Smith and enabled significantly improved recording and storage.
Cassette recorder inventor: 1963 Phillips
The cassette recorder is actually a miniature tape recorder. The Dutch company Phillips launched this innovation in 1963. What was special at the time was that the so-called “pocket recorder” was not only used to play back, but also to record sounds. Many technical details, such as the recording lock during playback, were already implemented in the first devices. In the 1970s, the triumphant advance of the cassette recorder and the “compact cassette” began among many (especially young) music lovers. In particular, the inexpensive recording of radio broadcasts became extremely popular. In today's age of digital technology, the audio cassette only ekes out a niche existence.
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