The way up is in space

The way up

Long content


Fade-in title: Progress Film-Vertrieb shows "THE WAY UP", a DEFA documentary. Direction and Artistic Direction: Andrew Thorndike. Assistant director: Herbert Ballmann. Image montage: Bruno Kleberg. Camera: Kurt Stanke, Werner Bergmann, Walter Fehdmer and many others. Production management: Richard Brandt. This film consists of documentary recordings from 1945 to 1950. Cross-fade


Book cover with inscription "Chronik des Aufstiegs" (near). Book is opened "May 9, 1945, day of liberation from Hitler fascism" (near). Fade to fireworks on Red Square in Moscow (total). Cheering Moscow population (half-close). Pan over the saluting members of the CPSU Central Committee on Red Square (half total). Stalin (near). View (from above) of the battalions on the Red Square with captured German standards (total). Russian soldiers with the German standards lowered to the ground (half total). Standards "Adolf Hitler" with swastika (half close). View (from above) of the cannons firing salute on the Moskva (total). Russian soldiers throw the standards on Red Square (half total). Pan over the German standards lying on the ground (half total). Pan over the standards up to a swastika flag (half close). Comment: "... the Soviet Army ... humanity celebrates the day of liberation from Hitler's fascism ... the just cause has triumphed over barbarism".


Destroyed imperial eagle with swastika on the ground (half close). Pan over the destroyed Frauenkirche in Dresden (half total). Pan over ruined houses (half total). View into the destroyed floors of a residential building (half total). Comment: "... Germany was laden with terrible guilt and we who were left faced the terrible inheritance, horror and desolation everywhere". Pan on a destroyed street (total). House wall inscribed with chalk "We're all still alive" (near). Old woman checks the contents of a barrel on the street with her finger (half-close). Old man cuts the hind leg of a dead horse (half-close). View (from above) of a street with destroyed houses from the turn of the century (total). Wooden sign "... Hitler come and go, but the German people, the German state remains. Stalin" (close).


Hungry people stretch their hands for bread (half total). Soviet soldiers distribute loaves of bread to the people (half near). Pan on the people begging for bread and fighting on the truck (half close). Soviet female soldier distributes bread (half-close). Hot soup is transferred (half close). Women haul buckets full of fresh water (half close). Mother and son laboriously climb through the rubble in search of their belongings (half total). Table, birdcage and shoes next to the sign "Property Thieme" (half close). Families roam the destroyed streets (half total). People carry filled buckets and baskets through the destroyed streets (pan, half-close). Mother and son lay a wreath on a grave in the rubble of the house (half total). Pan over the rubble and graves with wreaths (half-close). Various graves in ruins and on meadows with crosses and wreaths (half-close). Pan over a city cemetery (half total).


View (from above) of the main defendants in the Nuremberg trial (half total). Comment: "... graves, graves, graves ... 40 million dead accused and these are their murderers, before the court of the peoples ...". View (from above) of the judges' table (half total). Soviet prosecutor Roman Rudenko at the lectern (near). Pan across the dock with Rudolf Hess and Wilhelm Keitel (half total). Hermann Göring, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Rudolf Hess, Wilhelm Frick and Hjalmar Schacht (near). Comment: "... they were murderers and criminals ... and their cause is carried on by Adenauer, Churchill, Truman, Schumacher, Marshall and again Schacht". Rudenko at the lectern (close) (without original sound).


Refugee group with handcarts on a country road (total). Refugees push handcart (half close). Driving record on the faces of the refugees (close). Photos of Wilhelm Pieck (near) are faded in. Soviet military hand over the administrative functions to German men (half near). City councilors at a group meeting (half close). Grain sacks are loaded onto trucks (half near). Soviet grain at a collection point (half total). View into a flour mill (half total). Bakers knead bread dough with machines (half-close). Baked bread is packed in trucks (half close). Old man eats bread and soup (near). Food is distributed to those in need (half total). Men receive items of clothing (half near).


Women draw water from the open attic with a shovel (half total). Pan over the damp walls of a room to the children in bed (half close). Refugee camp room full of people on loft beds (half total). Men, children and women shovel rubble and rubble in the streets in Loren (total). Debris removal in a human chain (view from above, half total). Bricks are pulled onto the houses with a winch (view from above, half total). Construction workers inside the house (half total). Tiling and glaziers at work (half-close). Girls run into a classroom (half close). School lunch in a primary school (half near).


Pan over rubble houses on a destroyed tank in the country (half total). Destroyed farms (half total). Comment: "... the greatest evil, the originators of the hardship, were those large landowners who, through their coronation, also bowed the backs of the men ...". Farmer strides across his fallow fields (half close). Agricultural equipment on the meadow (half-close). Pan across the fields, in front of a sign "Caution mines" (half total). Women and men work the fields next to destroyed tanks (half total). Comment: "... what to do, asked hundreds of thousands ... farm workers and resettlers ... just toiling again on foreign soil, for starvation wages ...". Gathering of farmers in a small place (half near). Men and women advise what to do (half-close). Comment: "... they finally wanted the floor and that was their demand". Dissolve


Book is opened "September 3, 1945" (close). Land surveyor with a large circle in the redistribution of the fields as part of the land reform (half total). Tape measure is unrolled in the hands (close). Parcel sign "99" is knocked into the ground (half close). Farmers and surveyors with a plan in the field (half total). Pan from the surveyor to the arriving groups of people with red flags (half total). Lots with a number are drawn from a cylinder (near). Distribution of title deeds in one place (half total). Residents with the sign "Jugendgruppe Pappritz" watch (half total). Document dated November 1, 1945 from the provincial administration of Saxony for Karl Reinefelder over 6 hectares of land for personal property (near). Comment: "September 3, 1945 went down in German history as the day of the land reform ... many who had dreamed of their own piece of land all their lives, now they had it". Farmer leads his cows into the stable (half total). Farm equipment is checked in the yard (half total). Seed is loaded onto wagons (half-close). Farmer plows the soil with his horse (half total). Plow breaks the ground, a furrow is created (near). Farmer throws out the seed with his hand (total).


Pan over a rubble house and the women working on bricks (half total) Comment: "The stately rubble became the first stones for your own house". Men pull up new walls (half total). Wooden beams are worn (half close). Man drives wooden cart to his barn (half total). Pan over the Fritz Reuter monument with wreaths (half total). Driving shot at a Soviet cemetery full of wreaths on the graves (half total) next to the memorial. Dimming


Book is opened "April 22, 1946" (near). View of the board table during the unification party conference with the slogan "On socialists, close the ranks" (half total). Wilhelm Pieck at the lectern, behind him the pictures of Karl Liebknecht and August Bebel, in the middle the bust of Karl Marx (half total). View into the filled Admiralspalast (half total). Comment: "... the unification of the two German workers' parties to form a large unified party of the working class, a Germany in unity, peace and democracy had to be established". Pan from the party congress participants to the board stage (total) (O-Ton) "... I ask him to raise his hand ... thank you ... the cross check ... abstentions ... I note the unity is sealed" . Participants raise their hands in agreement (total). Applause breaks out in the whole hall (total) (original sound). Grotewohl and Pieck (half-close). View (from above) scene of the two parties, represented by groups of people who unite in the middle of the street between the rubble (total). Groups of people with the sign "Socialist Unity Party" flock together (half total). Marching groups with flags and banners "SPD-KPD-SED" (half total). Dissolve


Book is opened "June 29, 1946" (near). House facade with banners "For securing peace", "For the punishment of those guilty of war", "Everyone gives their yes to the referendum", "Yes for the good of our people" (half total). Disguised tram with sign "People's decision - people's court on war criminals" and "Your yes condemns the war criminals to reparation" (half total). Comment: "Expropriation of war criminals ... one stone on top of the other for the foundation of democracy ... for the first time in German history the people voted freely and democratically ... the ballot papers became law ...". A truck with a youth group and fluttering "FDJ" flags drives past (half total). Voters go to the polling station, in front of that youth group making music (half total). Voters at the ballot box in the polling station (half-close). Urns are emptied (near). Ballot papers are counted (half close). Pan over the ballot paper (near). Ballot paper with the imprint "You agree: Yes - No (near).


Hüttenwerk Hennigsdorf VEB (total). Workers in the iron and steel works at a kiln (half-close). Workers are rebuilding the interior of the furnace with bricks (half total). Comment: "In Hennigsdorf, too, the powerful Flick ruled in the past, now the new masters have started to build again". View of the partially destroyed factory hall (total). Women and men still have usable machines and tools (half total). Machines and tools are repaired by male hands (half close). Running spinning machines wind up new rolls (half-close). Men roll the railway axis away with wheels (half total). Men push carts to a bridge construction site in Dresden (half total). View (from below) of a scaffolded bridge (half total). Pan over a partially destroyed factory with assistants in the rubble removal (half total).


Railway train with bunches of people (hamsters) on the running boards (half total). Comment: "If they had all participated, weeks and months would have been won ... a small group of grand sliders wanted to draw wealth from the poverty of the people ...". Hamsterers with filled rucksacks at the train station (half total). Black marketeers exchange goods (half near). View (from above) of a filled place with black marketeers (pan, half total). Police searched the pockets of the black marketeers and threw packets of cigarettes on the table (half-close). Police lead black marketeers on a truck (half total). Comment: "Out of the plight of the people there was only one way, the way over the steel ...". Steel workers in the Riesa plant (half total). Pieces of iron are thrown into the furnace (half total). Men carry heavy pieces of iron to the furnace (half-close). Sweaty workers faces (close).


Faucet with poor sink (near). Gas stove full of pots (close). Oven plate with kettle and bowl with softened bread (close). Comment: "At home, cold, hunger, poverty, even in this second post-war winter". Women look for food under the snow (half close). Mother and son drag sacks full of firewood over the icy ground (pan, half-close). Women with a filled wooden cart full of branches (half-close). Old woman hauls big sack (half close). Woman sweeps leftover coal from the floor (half-close). Family warms up at a stove (half near). View of the Riesa steelworks (half total). Sparks spray from the steel container (half close). Smiling faces of the steel workers from Riesa (near). Pan over the cheering steel workers (view from above, half total). Container with liquid steel floats on a hook through the hall (half near).


Bow of the Russian cargo ship "Verkho jansk" on the quay (half total). The captain and other ship officers leave the freighter (half-close). Welcome by representatives of the city (half-close). View (from above) into the hold full of grain (total). Comment: "... and again the Soviet people turned out to be friends and helpers ... they sent the working people of Germany grain, good wheat from fields that had devastated German grenades ...". Grain leaves the shop in containers (half total). City officials and port workers follow the transport on the crane hook (half total). Containers are transferred to trucks (half near).


View into the negotiating room of the London Conference 1947 with Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov (half total). Molotow welcomes other conference participants (half total). Molotov and George Marshall at the conference table (half-close). Comment: "The Soviet Union also helped in the political struggle for a New Germany ... Molotov represented German interests, he demanded measures to create German unity ... and the withdrawal of all occupying powers ... he thereby demanded peace ... Marshall blew up the conference, his plan aimed at preparing a new war, at the permanent domination of West Germany ... ". View of the rotary press for newspaper printing (half total). Newspapers leave the machine (half total). Headline of the "Tagesspiegel" from June 19, 1948 "Currency reform in West Germany" (near). Fade-in of the "Westfälische Rundschau" with the headline "Devaluation in the ratio 10: 1" (close). Comment: "... split, that was it, American policy on Germany, that was the infamous attempt to disrupt our reconstruction". Banknote "One Deutsche Mark, series 1948" (close). Pan over the protest assembly against the division of Germany (total). Newspaper headlines are faded in (close). Turnpike at the border closes (half total).


Comment: "Germany cut in two ... the colonization of West Germany began ...". Group of people at a border station (half total). Stationary freight trains (total). Pan over stationary barges in the Wesselinger Rheinhafen (half total). Unemployed Büsumer Fischer (half-close). Pan over the cutter in Büsum harbor (half total). Comment: "Many of the boats were confiscated in the name of His British Majesty". British government notice "Certificate" (close). Pan over a scrap metal collection point in the port of Kiel (half total). Metal scrap is loaded into waiting ships (half total). Pan from the barge "Hast 4 - Rotterdam" to the Kiel port area (total). Comment: "... the port of Kiel was empty and deserted, West Germany was in the clutches of the Marshall Plan". Dimming


Book is opened "June 29, 1948" (near). Wilhelm Pieck, Otto Grotewohl and Walter Ulbricht under the painting by August Bebel (half total). View into the hall for the 11th meeting of the SED party executive committee (half total). View of the delegates (half-close). Ulbricht announces the two-year plan (half close) on the microphone (without original sound). View of Willi Stoph and other delegates (half-close). Edith Baumann at the delegates table (half-close). Comment: "The two year plan was food, clothing, housing, rest, study, research, the plan ... that was a new, better life". View (from below) of smoking factory chimneys (half total). Driving record of the arriving workers of the factory and the chimneys (half total). Driving record in a tool shop (half total).


Workers at the control levers of a conveyor system in the mining industry (half-close). Display instruments with meter information (near). Driving record in the mining shaft (half total). Filled lorries underground (half total). Miners leave the elevator (half-close). Miners with pickaxes and jackhammer in the seams (half-close). Miner with jackhammer breaks coal (half-close). Adolf Hennecke advises his colleagues underground (half near). Comment: "... the goals of the two-year plan seemed unattainable, but many heads could not rest ... Hennecke thought about how the plan could be fulfilled ...". Adolf Hennecke among his work colleagues. the FDGB colleagues and the party comrades of the SED at a meeting in the company's office (half total). View over the men present (half total). Comment: "... Hennecke showed that it is possible for every buddy to bring more coal to the surface, with less effort, but more thought ...". Hennecke (near). Dimming


Book is opened "October 13, 1948" (near). Adolf Hennecke breaks coal out of the wall in the seam (half near). Coal falls on the conveyor belt (near). View (from above) on Hennecke (original sound) (close). Filled wagons slide past (half total). Comment: "At the end of the shift, Hennecke had mined a total of 24.4 cubic meters of coal instead of the norm of 6.3 cubic meters ... from that day on, people gained a new relationship to their work". Fade-ins "October 19, 1948" and "October 21, 1948", underlaid with miners who followed Hennecke's example: Heuer, Nussbäumer, Landmann, Mükisch, Paul Winter and Paul Bernd (half close).


Title page of "New Germany" with the headline "Hennecke movement is growing" (near). Richard Schmidt as the first Hennecke activist in the Hennigsdorf steelworks (near).View into the steelworks hall (half total). Liquid steel flows into containers (half total). Henneke activists: Bruno Kießler (half close) and in his work in the country (half total), Paul Sack during masonry work (half total), train driver in the train car of a locomotive (half close). Mechanical engineer Ernst Zabel in the design office and in the workshop (half-close). Comment: "... Zabel made 50 useful suggestions for improvement ... with a single innovation, Metzki saved his company 30,000 marks ...". Gerhard Metzki in the workshop (half-close). Dr. Knöll at the desk (half close). Comment: "... the nationally owned industry owes its own production of penicillin and streptomycin". Laboratory of the pharmaceutical company (half total). Dr. Porrens at the desk (half-close). Comment: "The individual performance became the collective performance". Advice in the Oberspree cable works (half total). Manufacture of a transmission tube (half close). Sign "First express train locomotive with condensation and coal dust firing. Rebuilt 1949 RAW Stendal" (near). Developer Swendler (near). Pan over the locomotive "171119" decorated with garlands on departure (half total).


Comment: "It is going forward, the people say, since the plan was drawn up, it has been going forward". Workers roll concrete pipes for the water supply over a field (half total). Men during excavation work for the water pipes (half total). Pan on the shoveling and chopping women and men in the excavated shaft (half total). Man paints over a large sign "Max needs water" in "Max has water" (half total). View of the Maxhütte steelworks from the outside (half total). Inauguration of the furnace in the steelworks in front of Transparent "Progressive workers and creative intelligence built this furnace in just 81 days" (half total). The stove is lit (half close), observed by steel workers (half total). View of the entire Maxhütte (total). Glowing piece of steel leaves the furnace (half close). Glowing piece of steel comes into the roller (half close). Workers on a sign "VEB Bau created you the foundations ahead of time" (half-close).


Excavator excavates construction pit for a new sheet metal and fine iron line (half total). Swivel with the excavator (half total). Driving record (view from above) over the parts from the Soviet Union for the new rolling mills of the steelworks (half total). Pan across the entire hall (total). Fade over to a ceremony for the opening of a rolling mill (view from above, pan, total) with orchestra and poster "Construction, Unity, Peace". View from the orchestra to the entire workshop with the guests and workers (total). Glowing steel block floats on a hook through the hall (half total). Glowing steel block is pressed by rolling machine (half near). Slogan in the steelworks "It's done: We produce" (half total). Workers enter the factory premises in Eisenach with the sign "IFA" (half total). Driving record in the vehicle factory IFA (half-close). Young men assemble tractor engines (half-close). Workers at the lathe in the Zwickau plant (half total). Pan on the walking lathe operator Schille on the lathe (half total). Schille shakes hands with colleagues (half-close). Tractors leave the production hall in the yard (half total). Comment: "Tractors for the working peasants, they ran off the assembly lines and announced the close alliance between the working class and the peasantry ...". Pan over the produced tractors of the brand "Aktivist" and "Pionier" (half close). View (from above) of a freight train full of tractors (total). Comment: "Steel becomes bread ...".


People flock to the VEB Carl Zeiss plant in Jena (half total). Pan (view from above) on the open roof of a telescope in the Zeiss works (half total). Comment: "Hitler had target devices for the flak and sea pipes for the submarines built here, now we are working for peace here". Pan over the buildings of the Zeiss factory (half total). Pan over the construction hall (half total). Worker Simon presses lenses on the machine (half-close). View into a production room with women at the lens grinding machines (half total). Driving record through a room for precision mechanics (half total). Zellwollfabrik from the outside (total). Driving record through the pulp mill to the spinning machine (half total). View into the factory hall and the assembly of the spinning machine (half total). Comment: "Assembly of the first spinning machine built by the state-owned industry, without the Maxhütte, without our steelworks, without the 17 new rolling mills, without privations it would not have come about ...". Master Franke checks repaired spinnerets (half close). Driving record past running machines (half total). Pulp is passed over rollers (half close). Driving record through the factory hall with signs "Be smart and improve the quality, you will notice it very quickly on your bag!" (half total). Women lift cellulose from the floor (half total).


Artificial silk factory Chemnitz from the outside (total). Spools full of rayon on a trolley (half-close). Women at the machines for artificial silk production (half total). Women in conversation with colleagues (half-close). Pan across the hall full of spinning machines (half total). View of a kindergarten area at the factory (half total). Driving record through the interiors of the kindergarten (half-close). Comment: "While the mothers are creating for a better life, the children are already enjoying the first successes of this work". Groups of children in the room with games and fun (half total). Kindergarten teacher takes toddlers out of bed (half close). Care of the small children by nurses and doctors (half total). Laundry of the Chemnitz factory with the slogan on the wall: "Women help fulfill the national economic plan by creating social institutions" (half total). Driving record in the tailoring of the factory (half total). Pan over the women who leave the factory after the end of the shift and go to the nearby "Konsum" store (half total). Comment: "The woman had become independent, she could put all her strength into the service of the plan".


View of a HO corner store in the big city (half total). Pan over the human-filled HO store (half total). View from the counter of dairy products on those willing to buy (half-close). Bread stand with fresh loaves of bread and packaged crispbread (half close). Comment: "Steel became bread, eggs, butter, meat and textiles". Man buys tie (half close). Woman shows the latest nylon stockings (half-close). Clothes and suit fabrics on rolls are demonstrated (half-close). Man tries winter coat (half close). Man tries suit in front of the mirror (half-close). Seamstresses in Haller's clothing factories (half total). View (from above) of the seamstresses at the machines (half total). Seamstress checks sewn goods in the factory (half-close). Badly sewn goods are criticized by Luise Erwig (half close and close). Comment: "... the first quality brigade emerged, a new phase of the activist movement began". Loom master Frank Striemann in the machine room (half total). Striemann checked work on the loom (half close). Striemann checked the "web shuttle" of the loom (half near). Striemann while writing a letter to Alexander Tschutkich among his colleagues (half total).


Newspaper clipping "The secret of success - Alexander Tschutkich reports on his method" (near). Waving ears of corn (half close). Driving record past the new building of the Stralsund shipyard (half total). Shipyard workers doing welding work in the hall (half total). Driving record in the factory hall (half-close). View (from above) of the shell of a barge (total). View of the dry dock and the shipyard hall (total). The gates of the Bodden shipyard in Damgarten open (view from the inside, half total). Comment: "... ships were produced here non-stop ... rather a hundred drops of sweat for peace than a drop of blood for war ...". View of the opening hangar from the outside and the half-finished fishing boats (half total). Pan over the port area of ​​Sassnitz with the nationally owned fishing fleet (total). Cutter on the Baltic Sea (half total).


View (from below) of approaching four-engine American cargo planes over Berlin (total). Aircraft land on the Tempelhof airfield (total). Comment: "The hallmark of West Berlin in those days was the airlift, an instrument of the Cold War, against our construction, against peace. West Berlin was supposed to become the powder keg, the lying and inciting of German political mercenaries, it was done on the orders of their masters, the USA ". Armored vehicle of the US Army drives through Berlin (half total). Franz Neumann at the lectern (half-close). Pan from Ernst Reuter and Franz Neumann to the partially destroyed tower of the Schöneberg town hall with Germany and USA flags (half total). Comment: "It happened on the orders of the USA that the Kulturbund was banned". Room of the Kulturbund with posters and bust on the wall (half-close). Photos of the blown up Berlin radio (close). View into an S-Bahn station with West Berlin police and American soldiers (total). Pan from the sign "Berlin-Grunewald" to the S-Bahn station with police officers (half-close). People run on the tracks (total and half close). Man tries to get into a blocked S-Bahn station with a large ladder (half total). Closed bars at Schöneberg train station at 8:00 a.m. (half total). Pan over stationary S-Bahn and U-Bahn (total).


Facade of the chocolate factory "Sarotti AG" (half total). Closed West Berlin businesses from outside and without people: "Sarotti", "Stock", Daimler Benz-Marienfelde "(half total). Siemens plants (total). Comment:" The misery of West Berlin was the business of the USA ... The split was Motto ". US planes taking off at Tempelhof Airport (total). View over the Rhine to the Petersberg near Bonn with hotel facilities (total). Participants in a meeting in the Hotel Petersberg (half total). The Commissioners McCloy, Francois-Poncet and Robertson in conversation (half close). Theodor Heuss in conversation with André Francois-Poncet (half close). Konrad Adenauer (close). Comment: "Adenauer and other traitors offered themselves as executors of the US orders". Franz Neumann, Erich Ollenhauer and Kurt Schumacher im Bundestag (half close). Heuss and Adenauer greet each other (half close). Pan over the buildings of the Bundestag in Bonn (half total).


Women at a shop window for women's clothing with the inscription "evi" (half-close). Man in front of the filled shop window of a delicatessen shop (half-close). Families look through a shop window (half close). Comment: "The Federal Parliament provided the democratic facade for the enslavement of West Germany, the facade before the need became the full shop window. Behind the windows there was a lot of tempting to see, but in front of the displays you could see the eyes of the betrayed". Women look at the displays of an open shop next to rubble mountain (half-close). View through the shop window at the people in front of it (half-close). Pan through the shop window to an older man (half close).


Pan over the Ernst August monument in front of the Hanover train station with the inscription "Dem Landesvater seine loyal people". (half total). Men and women sit at the feet of the monument (half-close). Pan over the facade of a former bunker (half total). View (from below) of the suspension railway in Wuppertal (half total). Women, men and children come from an underground bunker next to the suspension railway (half-close). Children run down the stairs to the bunker (half close). Boy goes over a makeshift staircase of a rubble house (half total). Barrack accommodation with baby in a hammock (half total). Pan from the emergency shelters to the industrial facilities on the horizon (half total). Wall with sign "Salzgitter" (half close. Industrial plants in Salzgitter (total). Comment: "Salzgitter, everything is connected with this name ... Destruction of German production facilities, destruction of competition, destruction of the existence of millions of people. Brutal violence of colonial rule, imperialistic arbitrariness, the same in Essen, Hamburg and Kiel ". Destroyed and disused factory halls in Salzgitter (total). Pan over partially destroyed plants in Essen (total). Driving record on electricity pylons with letters" Deutsche Werft "(total). Driving record through the partially destroyed Kiel harbor (total). Blasting and dismantling of the rubble in the Kiel harbor area (total). View over the harbor area to Kiel (total).


Pan across a queue of West German unemployed (half total). Unemployed people at the door of the agent (half total). Pan over the people waiting in the hall of the Kiel employment office (half total). Sign "104 administrative and technical employees, education and apprenticeships" (close). Faces of unemployed men and women (close). Comment: "... this turner waits, waits and waits, and some who couldn't stand the waiting any longer walked into the open tentacles of the Foreign Legion ...". Man goes to the Foreign Legion recruitment office with a sign "O.C.A.D.O.-Succursale de Landau" (half total). Kurt Schumacher, speaking at an SPD rally (without original sound) (close). Comment: "Schumacher took over the role of Goebbels, Wall Street needed cannon fodder, monumental army, march to the east, war". Zoom on the head of Kurt Schumacher (close).


War scenes are displayed (half total). Running women in the streets (half total). Flamethrower in a house (half total). Dead and injured between rubble (half close). Fleeing women and children with protective goggles (half close). Desperate old woman wanders through the contested streets in Berlin (half near). Fade to the talking Schumacher (half-close). Comment: "... that is their goal: division, separate state, war ... stop, no new war, no new murder, not millions of dead again".


View (from above) pan over a large anti-war rally of the FDJ in the evening hours (total). View of the crowd with flags and banners (total). View of the speaker's platform with the "FDJ" symbol and the slogan "Long live friendship" (total). Erich Honecker at the lectern (near) (interview) "... at least we friends are fed up with being dragged from war to war in the interests of ... arms speculators ... together with the peace force in the world we know how to prevent a new war and establish the unity of Germany ". Big cheers and applause in the round (original sound) (half-close). Pan over the large flag with the "JP" symbol and the slogan "Be ready" (half total). Dimming


Book is opened "October 7, 1949" (close). Comment: "The GDR was born, the German People's Congress constituted a provisional People's Chamber". View of the front of the room with the slogan "Long live the National Front of the Democratic League" (total). Applause from the delegates in the hall (total). Wilhelm Pieck congratulates Johannes Dieckmann (LDP) as President of the People's Chamber (half total). Delegates vote by sitting sample (half total). Otto Grotewohl (half-close). Swivel from the board table to the slogan on the back wall of the hall (half total). Comment: "Again the Soviet Union proved to be our friend ... it placed sovereignty and government rights in the hands of German democrats". Otto Grotewohl (half close) speaks (without interview) to Army General Wassilij Tschuikow (half total). Journalists note the speeches (half total). Grotewohl thanks the members of the Soviet military administration present (half total). View of the vote during the meeting of the People's Council (half total). Delegates raise their hands to vote (half total). Comment: "The German Democratic Republic was born". Wilhelm Pieck (half total) (O-Ton) "... I swear that I will devote my energy to the benefit of the German people, uphold the constitution and the laws of the republic, conscientiously fulfill my duties and do justice to everyone". Dieckmann congratulates Pieck (half-close). Applause from the members of the People's Council (half-close). Margot Feist (Honecker) congratulates Pieck (half-close). The delegates rise in the hall and applaud (total). Pan (from above) over the delegates in the hall (total). Comment: "For the first time we had a government of the people". Grotewohl at the microphone (half near) (interview) "The government emerges from the 1st independent German people's movement, it is the 1st independent German government ...". Applause in the hall.


Members of the FDJ applaud at the evening rally (half total). Ulbricht, Grotewohl and Pieck wave to the young people from the open stand (half total). Pieck, laughing (near). View (from above) of the flag bearers of the youth groups in front of the tribune with the writing "Long live the government of the GDR" (total). Flag bearer (half close). Torchlight procession with marching groups and a picture of Stalin pass by (total). Torch bearer (half close). Group with banner "Long live the GDR" (half total). Transparent in the parade "Down with the Bonner Spalter government" (half total). Comment: "... the way to a new German future with undreamt-of perspectives lay ahead of us, people were ready for new, bigger deeds". Scenes are faded in to the sounds of "Risen from ruins ...": torchlight procession, waving politicians in the official gallery, waving flags, torchbearers (half total and half close).


View of Cologne Cathedral from Cologne-Deutz (total). Paddle steamer in front of the sandstone mountains on the Elbe (total). Pan on blooming fields (total). Rhine landscape with castle (total). Various East German cities (total). Mountainous and flat landscape views (total). Driving shot: Farmer cuts the ears of corn with a scythe and a view of the wide fields (half total). Village view with farmer, horses and chickens (half total). Comment: "... in the middle of yesterday's Junkerland the new farmers built their farms, they plowed the count's soil with Soviet tractors, chased away and forgotten is Rudolf Graf von Schacht". Farmers drive their tractors through the imposing driveway of the former count's estate (half total). Driving recording at a pond with dancing children in front of the castle (total).Farmers throw filled sacks out of the barn with the coat of arms "R. Gr. S." (half total). Sacks slide on the slide into the wooden wagon, on the barn it says "Landwirtschaftliche Dorfgemeinschaft Brusewitz" (half total).


Farmer leaves the house with the sign "Council of the municipality Brusewitz" (half total). View of a billboard with the note "National Front for Peace and Unity, Otto Stiemec will talk about it in a community meeting on Wednesday, May 24th, 8 pm in the school" (near). View into the classroom with the villagers present (half total). Comment: "... they compare the life of today with the shame of yesterday". Villager (half near) (O-Ton) "... the work from six in the morning until evening ... and what a wage we got, three marks a week and the women get 10 pfennigs an hour, and the men 16 pfennigs an hour and half a liter of milk a day, that was our reward ... ". Comment: "The new farmer's wife was a stable maid with the count, a cheap object of exploitation". The Earl's former groom (half close) reports. Paul Stob (interview) "... never experience such days again ...". View of the faces of the new villagers (half-close). Stob (half near) (interview) "... we have to unite more on the international front, in the all-encompassing front of the entire German people, we have to take up the fight on this front ...". Comment: "The count's groom has become a real new farmer ... and so the count's coach stable has become his farm". Stob gets on his horse-drawn vehicle and drives on rural roads (half total).


Driving record past the former Schnitter barracks (half total). Comment: "This is where the count used to house the Polish seasonal workers, here, in this hole, Stob lived with his wife and children for 9 years ...". View of the ailing stairwell and the rooms (half total). Pan over sacks and field devices (half close). Stob drives past a poppy field (half total). Ms. Stob doing milking outdoors (half total), feeding chickens, cleaning the stalls and in the meat room (half close). Deed of ownership of your property on the wall (close). View of membership sheet of the "DFD" on the table (Democratic Women's Association of Germany) (close). View of envelopes to Paul Stob (close). Paul Stob advising his colleagues in the stables and vehicle sheds of the farmers (half total).


View (from above) into the hall at the Volkskammer meeting (total). Paul Stob as a delegate (half-close). Comment: "And here he sits the former groom, side by side with the working people of the republic". As delegates can be seen: Clear courage, Adolf Hennecke and Hilde Benjamin (half near). View of a company meeting with a picture of Lenin "April 22, 1870-1950" (half total). Dreher Erich Wirth gives the impetus to "fast turning" in the entire state-owned industry (half near). Colleagues are interested in watching his attempt at high-speed turning on the lathe (half-close). Detailed shots of the lathe and measuring instruments (close). Comment: "Old norms broke again, you can work better and more productively". Colleagues applaud and congratulate Wirth (half close). Sign above the lathe "We work in the high-speed machining process ... with 39% time savings" (near). Reverse driving shot from the sign onto the lathe (half total).


Driving record past running weaving machines in a textile company (half total). A worker operates two looms at the same time (half near). Pan over a crowd of spectators on February 15, 1950 in Brandenburg (half total). Laying of the foundation stone for a new steel mill (half near). Document is walled in (near). New State Theater in Dessau from the outside (total). People in the foyer of the theater (half total). Driving record in the foyer of the theater (half total). Pan over the filled interior (half total). The curtain opens and a performance of "The Robbers" by Friedrich Schiller begins (half total). Actor (half close). Faces of spectators (close).


Driving recording through an event in the Kulturhaus der Elektromotorenwerke Wernigerode (total). On the stage photos of Pieck and Grotewohl (total). Pan and look (from above) at the clapping audience (half total). Pan on the stage with orchestra and vocal group (total), on the curtain signs "FDGB" and "FDJ". Culture house in the country from the outside (total). Staircase of the culture house with sign "We can not wait for the alms of nature, it is our job to snatch it from her. Michurin" (half-close). Further training courses in the Michurin circle (half total). Comment: "The agronomist of the MAS introduces the farmers to the revolutionary findings of the natural scientist Michurin, our farmers also learn from the Soviet people". Faces of the listeners (close). FDJ meeting in the Kulturhaus (half total). Pan over the young people (half close). Leisure room with pool table and chess tables (half total). Driving record of readers in the library room (half total). Faces of young readers (close).


Driving record in a school class (half close). Girls paint and write at their desks (half-close). Comment: "The monopoly on education has been broken, language lessons, chemistry, physics for all children, in every school, that is democratic school reform". Working in the chemistry room (half total). Young pioneers of the local group Meyersdorf receive their scarf (half near). The group of JP applauds (half total). Badge for "best knowledge in school" is infected (near). Young people approach the building of the "Martin Andersen-Nexö School" (half total). Children are welcomed in the classroom (half close). Girl looks at the timetable on the wall (half-close). Students assess plants and soil samples outdoors (half-close). Soil samples are tested in test tubes in the classroom (half-close). Students and teachers in front of blackboard with the inscription "Zoning plan of our garden" (half close). School children look at samples with microscopes (half total). View of school classes (half total). Sign on the wall "We want to turn life around and make it good for the poor man for all time" (half total). Young pioneer talking at the desk (half-close). View of the entire JP group (half-close). Talking JP (near).


Pan (from above) over the building of the IFA teaching combination in Schoppa (total). Adolf Hennecke giving a lecture to a group of apprentices in the "Adolf Hennecke room" (half total). Hennecke (half close). Students and apprentices applaud (half-close). Hennecke signs in the guest book (half-close). Guest book with his entry from June 22nd, 1949 (near). View into a room for apprenticeship training with a poster "Through the professional competition for increased performance in professional training" (total). Master explains the apprentices work grips (half close). Apprentices in their theoretical lessons (half total). Pan over the leisure room of the teaching combine (half total). Young people in the classroom of a workers' and farmers' faculty (half total), on the wall a representation with the slogan "From the workbench to the workers' study". Driving record past the young people (half-close). Comment: "... the gate to the university, which is open to everyone today, opens for them, these farmers and workers become better teachers ... scientists and doctors become better than any factory owner's daughter and every Junkers' son before them, because they leave the Land come and work for the people. They will be the factories, they will direct the state ". Pan across students in the Leipzig Medical Faculty (half total). Student Heinz Görges talks to his professor (half-close).


View (from below) of the facade of the "Staatliche Baugewerbeschule" (half total). School board at the entrance "Closed due to strike" (half-close). Pan from the board to men in addition to other boards "Social equality" and "Is justice a word?" (half total). Comment: "The student Görges will never get to know this academic freedom of the West, the freedom to protest and starve, to drive cars, or something like that". Demonstrators with a sign "We have been patient for 30 days, we are not starvation artists" (half near). Demonstrators on the street next to rubble with a sign "Schimmel strack dich" (half total). View (from above) of the demonstrators with signs "We are allowed to protest" and "At the course 1: 4 we will starve to death" and "DM-West, but the students only have DM-East, who swaps 1: 1?" (half total). Students at the roadside with a sign "Student Autolotsendienst, Informations-Information" (half total). Street "Große Freiheit" in Hamburg with the sign "TAXI-GIRLS, Café Laage" (half total). Sign on a window "Taxi girls entertain you here" (near). Photo with women in front of the sign "Taxi Girls immediately" (close). Comment: "Many patrons from overseas finance a course of study that begins in Dahlem, in Heidelberg, and sometimes ends in the houses with the red lantern". Uniformed man cycles with a woman on the street (pan, half total). Uniformed man walks past rubble houses with a woman (driving shot, half total). View (from above) of Herbertstrasse in Hamburg with brothels (half total).


Pan over the newspaper and magazine offer of a West German kiosk (half near). Comment: "Body and mind, love and marriage, terms that have become the titles of West German dirty papers. Man is degraded, man has become a commodity, they call it culture, they say: what do you care about the uncertain tomorrow, forget it, numb you guys, don't think about ... American century ". Scantily clad women on the front pages (pan, close). Pan over the legs and body in the event of a failure to vote (half-close). Rock`n Roll competition (half total). Catching women (half close). Dance of young couples in the intoxication (half-close). Fat men eating contest (half-close). Man checks the bust size of a lightly clad woman with a tape measure (half-close). Young people in strange dance movements (half-close). Catcherin bites opponent's toes (near). Fairground booth with inscriptions "The sixth sense in the subconscious" and "Indian palmistry" (half near). Man eats at a booth with a sign "Künstler-Nothilfe" (half close). Woman eats sausage at a booth with lanterns and sign "artist emergency aid" (half near). Man with cylinder and slung cardboard bin as "walking advertising space" (half-close). People with "Durodont" toothpaste tubes slung around their necks make advertising (half total). Two children (Düsseldorfer Radschläger) ask for a donation after their action in the city center (half total).


Pan from the shoes to the beret of an English soldier (half-close). English military parade in front of guests of honor (half total). Soldiers with rifles march past building rubble (half total). Comment: "The USA flags are flying over German people who are supposed to march again, who are supposed to dig the grave of their own homeland with their own hands". Armored military vehicles and tanks drive between rubble houses (half total). Tanks on heavy tractors are transported over the autobahn (half total). Driving record at an American military training area in the Rhineland with tanks and sign "Cologne 66km" (half total). Tanks and soldiers in the area (total). View (from above) of the Rhine and the Loreley (total). Road on the Loreley with steel tubes (half total). Comment: "The Brandenburgers announce that our first steel will flow on July 20th in honor of the Third Party Congress of the SED". Pan over the resulting chimneys of the steelworks in Brandenburg (half total). Masons at their work (half-close). Pan over the construction site (half total)


Demonstrating FDJ groups with banners "Wars are human work. People can prevent wars" (half total). View of the anti-war demonstration with posters "Hands off Korea" and "Adenauer wants cannons instead of butter. We want peace" (half total). FDJ groups clap their hands over their heads and carry posters "Protect the patriot and peace fighter Max Reimann" (half-close). Pan over a Cologne rally and the speaker's platform (half total). Max Reimann at the microphone (half close) (without original sound). View over the crowds of Cologne Cathedral (total). Marching FDJ groups carry their banners (half total). Transparent "Everything for peace - everything against war (half total). Pan over a large construction site with the slogan" We are building the steelworks - a guarantee of peace "(half total). Excavators in use on the construction site (half total). Comment:" Everything for peace, that has become the law of life for everyone in the GDR ". Pan over the workers on the construction site in Brandenburg (half total). Wooden sign in front of a small steam locomotive" Here is the focus of the construction site "(half total).


Pan (view from above) on the Stralsund shipyard with emerging cutters (half total). Driving shot on the side of a fishing trawler (half total). Sign "In honor of the III. Party Congress ... we are doing a special shift ... we commit ourselves to produce better and cheaper ... Rebuilding brigade coppersmiths" (half-close). Shipyard workers discuss the construction work (half-close). Driving record through the Stralsund harbor with completed ships (half total). View of the Maxhütte (half total). Glowing piece of steel floats through the hall with the sign "Special shift for the Brandenburg steelworks (half total). Glowing pieces of steel run through the rolling mill (half total). Comment:" Whoever helps Brandenburg today ensures the better life of tomorrow ". Pan over the steel workers on the operating levers of the machines (half near). Steel leaves the rolling mill (half near).


View of the large construction site of the Brandenburg steelworks (total). Workers at a HO special service stand on the construction site (half total). Pan over the booth with the sign "5. Price reduction of the HO. The success of your work" (half-close). The first watering barrel from the "Riesa" plant arrives (half-close). View (from above) of the workers on the floor of the hall (half total). View (from below) of the 1st smoke that rises from the chimney (half total). Cross-fading to work at night in the emerging steelworks (total). Driving record around the center of gravity of the steelworks (half total). Pan over the welding work (half total). Pan over the last concreting work on the furnace platform in the early morning (total). The heated ovens are checked (half-close). Scrap is thrown into the furnace, the first melt begins (half total). Oven door closes (half close). Pan over the topping-out ceremony of the Berlin workers' housing estate in Stalinallee with signs "The workforce of VEB Housing is fighting and building new apartments for peace" (half total). View of the completed area with spectators and topping-out wreaths (total). Dimming


Book is opened "July 20, 1950" (close). Workers open the furnace door in the Brandenburg steelworks with strong knocks, the first steel flows (half close). Workers watch the filling of the watering barrel from Riesa (total). Pan over the open steelworks hall and the watching workers (total). Pan (from above) over the audience present at the first tap to the watering barrel from Riesa (total). To the jubilation of the delegates of the III. At the SED party congress, a delegation of the Brandenburg steel workers enters the hall (total). Steel workers at the lectern (total) (O-Ton) "Since 12:15 pm today, the first steel flows for peace". Speaker (half close). View into the hall of the clapping delegates (total). Speaker (half near) (interview) "... this is how our first steel flows in honor of the advance squad of the German people, the SED, flows to the blessing of the German people in their great national liberation struggle and to secure world peace".


Comment: "The two-year plan has been fulfilled, the party that announced it opened up new, great perspectives for the German people". Steel worker hands Pieck a folder (half total). Pieck, Grotewohl, Honecker and Stoph clap and wave (half total). Ulbricht, behind microphones, claps (half close). View into the hall with the clapping delegates (total). Ulbricht (half total) (O-Ton) "The five-year plan is the grand plan of the struggle to shape a peaceful, progressive Germany ... (from here Ulbricht half-close) ... in which, after the consequences of the war have been eliminated, the people's standard of living The standard of living in imperialist Germany will be significantly exceeded. The five-year plan provides for an increase in peaceful industrial production by a factor of two compared to the level of 1936. " View into the filled hall (total). Ulbricht (interview) "It will turn out whether it is possible in the new democratic order to achieve a pace of industrial development per year that is not achievable for any capitalist country". Applause breaks out in the hall (half total). Pan over the delegates (total). Ulbricht (interview) "... let's name the example of peaceful construction and show that all conditions are given to create a united, peaceful, democratic and strong Germany". Pan across the whole hall (total). Delegates get up and clap to Ulbricht (total). Pieck and Ulbricht (half-close).


Delegate at the microphone (half close) (without sound). Faces of delegates in the hall (half-close). Comment: "The best people raise their voices, they say this plan will be the culmination of our work, but they also know that a new war would destroy their hopes and plans, they know that a new Germany can only emerge in peace" . Workers, farmers, scientists, pastors and employees sign an anti-war list (half-close). Pieck signs the list (half close). Blind signed (half close). Comment: "The war robbed him of his eyesight, Protestant pastors, students, Israelite preachers, everyone is united by one demand: Everything for the rise of Germany, everything for peace". The named people are shown briefly (half close).


Comment: "In West Germany people experience the work of the war hyenas and the stronger their will becomes, the stronger their strength becomes.We have become part of the global front of peace, and where peace is to be maintained the peoples of the Soviet Union are at the forefront. "The comments are underlaid with film scenes from undersigned citizens in many countries of the world (half near). Writer, actor and collective farms sign the peace list (half close). Polish Prime Minister Józef Cyrankiewicz signs (half close). Signatures from Czechoslovaks, Bulgarians, Hungarians, Chinese (half close). Comment: "Whether Chinese or German, they demand the same, peace".


Pigeons soar in the sky (total). Peace demonstrations in Austria, Greece, Italy, Great Britain, India, Japan, Korea, China, Albania, Prague and Warsaw (half total and half close). View from above of the powerful peace demonstration in East Berlin (total). View (from above) of the FDJ groups with banners "Long live the international working class" (total). The waving Pieck and clapping Honecker in the VIP box (half close). Young people applaud (half-close). Ulbricht and Grotewohl in the VIP box (half close). FDJ groups carry a large picture of Stalin and a banner "Friendship forever with the Soviet Union" (half total). View of a peace demonstration on the Red Square in Moscow (total). Stalin and Molotov (half-close). Comment: "Here the flags of German fascism broke on May 9, 1945, today the young, peace-loving, democratic Germany stands in the insurmountable peace camp of 800 million". Cheering Moscow (half total) flags of Stalin flutter in the wind (half total). Book is opened (near) "The experience of the last war has shown that the German and Soviet people made the greatest sacrifices in this war, that these two peoples have the greatest potential in Europe to carry out great actions of world importance". Turning the page "If these two peoples show the determination to fight for peace with the same tension of their forces with which they waged the war, then peace in Europe can be taken for granted. J. Stalin" . Dimming

1:20:45 END