Will RSS banning English in India
On the way to an illusory world
On the way to an illusory world
Prime Minister Narendra Modi puts India “above everything”. Observers fear that the country could move in a direction similar to that of Russia under Putin.
The German manager, the Chinese owners and the Indian partner, a wealthy manufacturer, placed their hopes in Prime Minister Narendra Modi's personal envoy. He was supposed to help end a strike instigated by a local prince of the ruling Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). What followed continues to shake foreigners to this day. The Indian entrepreneur had to kneel on the floor and kiss the feet of Modi's posted worker. A few hours after the humiliating and humiliating submission, the strike ended.
Ban beef exports
With his overwhelming triumph in India's elections, the childless Hindu nationalist, who was born in 1950 and sent his wife home to live with his in-laws at the age of 19, now wants to apply this “Gujarat model” all over India. He promises domestic and foreign entrepreneurs to remove the bureaucratic hurdles. He promised law and order and economic growth to India's middle class. His "Sangh Parivar", the widespread hodgepodge of Hindu nationalist groups under the umbrella organization RSS, believes that he enforces Hindu rules for minorities such as Christians and Muslims and allows school books to be rewritten. India, where many devout Hindus venerate cows as sacred, even wants to stop the booming beef export under Modi. With almost two million tons, the subcontinent outstripped Brazil last year and accounts for a fifth of global world trade. If the export of cows is banned, India's producers will simply declare the exports as buffalo meat. Modi just opened a shelter for 10,000 cows in his Gujarat state.
Massacre of 2,000 Muslims
“India First” is the leitmotif of the son of a tea merchant from a low caste. With his election, he led the BJP brahmin party to unimagined heights and made a first in the country of 1.3 billion people. "Modi will be the first head of government in our history who only represents 80 percent of the population," says Hartosh Singh Bal from Caravan magazine in Delhi. He means the dominant Hindu population.
The "Gujarat model", which Modi named after the state he has ruled since 2001, does not only include economic growth and the fight against corruption. In 2002, Modi stood idly by as supporters of his party and a volunteer corps massacred 2,000 Muslims in retaliation for the fire death of 58 Hindu nationalist activists in an arson attack on a train. “Since then, the Muslims in Gujarat have known their place in society. They know that they shouldn't be alarmed, ”says Hartosh Singh Bal. After the overwhelming electoral triumph in the state of Uttar Pradesh with a population of around 100 million, in the so-called Indian "Hindu belt" between Rajasthan and Bihar, some observers fear further attacks. In order to cement its electoral success and secure power for the next 10 to 15 years, the Hindu nationalist BJP needs control over the state. «The party's local leadership is very weak. The BJP will continue its strategy of religious polarization, ”says journalist Maseeh Rehman.
Anyone who saw India's new prime minister in the second half of the 1990s at the BJP headquarters on the tree-lined Ashoka Road in Delhi would never have predicted a blood-stained career at the top of India for the then inconspicuous functionary. At receptions he - the barely English speaking son of a small tea merchant - stood alone and ignored.
All rivals disempowered
But it was in his little office in a dark corner that Modi developed the strategy that made him the undisputed leader of his party. In Gujarat he disempowered every rival in his own party.
Even the RSS, in which Modi made his first political steps, felt the edgy side of Modi in Gujarat, as its unpopular representative he pushed it into insignificance. "This is how he will act as prime minister," says Hartosh Singh Bal, who fears the worst for India. "India will transform itself under Modi into a political system like Turkey or Russia under Putin," he says. In the daily newspaper “Indian Express” the French India expert Christophe Jaffrelot warns of the march of the world's largest democracy into an authoritarian sham democracy: The thesis of political moderation by a majority party is largely irrelevant in India. The only countervailing power now remains the guardians of the rule of law.
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