Which are the famous marketplaces in Bathinda

Batala - Batala

Batala is the eighth largest city in the Indian state of Punjab after Ludhiana, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Patiala, Bathinda, Mohali and Hoshiarpur. Batala is the second oldest city after Bathinda. It is a municipal body (since March 3, 2019) in the Gurdaspur district in the Majha region in the Indian state of Punjab. It is located about 32 km from Gurdaspur, the headquarters of the district. It's also a police district. Batala has the status of the most populous city in the district with 31% of the total population of the district. It is the largest industrial city in the district. Batala is the center of the Majha region of Punjab.

Batala is an important place for Sikh devotees. Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of the Sikh religion, was married here in 1485 to Sulakhni, the daughter of Mul Chand Chauna. Many temples and gurdwaras associated with the guru's marriage attract devotees from near and far. Every year celebrations are held to mark the anniversary of Guru Nanak's wedding. The Gurudwara name Kandh Sahib, on which the wedding anniversary of Guru Nanak took place every year. This wedding feast is called ( ਬਾਬੇ ਨਾਨਕ ਦਾ ਵਿਆਹ ) in Punjabi language. There is also a historical Gurdwara Satkartarian Sahib related to the 6th Guru of Sikhs Shri Hargobind ji.

Batala was once known as the Iron Bird of Asia as it produced the highest amount of CI cast, agricultural and mechanical machinery. Batala continues to be one of the leading cities in Northern India in the manufacture of CI castings and mechanical machinery. It is also an agricultural marketplace and an industrial center. Cotton ginning, weaving, sugar refining and rice milling are some other industries that take place here.


The city was founded in 1465 AD by Raja Ram Deo, a Bhati Rajput. Later, during the Mughal rule, Akbar gave it to his foster brother Shamsher Khan in Jagir. Batala was a very famous city in the Punjab region, as was Lahore, Jalandhar and other large cities in the 16th century, and it is 109 years older than Amritsar. The whole city was in a fortress. It had 12 gates as an entrance and exit. These gates are still known by their old names, e.g. B. Sheran Wala Gate, Khajuri Gate, Bhandari Gate, Ohri Gate, Thathiari Gate, Hathi Gate, Pahari Gate, Mori Gate, Kapoori Gate, Achli Gate etc. Some of them still survive, although they survive condition needs attention.

Other historical places in Batala are Gurdwaras, where Guru Nanak stayed during his lifetime. There are also numerous other gurdwaras that are of considerable importance to Sikhs and therefore attract thousands of Sikhs from around the world.

In British India, Batala was the headquarters of one Tehsil in Gurdaspur District in Punjab Province. The division of the Gurdaspur district during the partition of India was very controversial as it was located in central Punjab and had roughly the same proportion of Muslim and non-Muslim populations. Viceroy Lord Wavell assigned India three eastern Tehsils of the district (Gurdaspur, Batala and Pathankot) and Pakistan one western Teshil (Shakargarh). However, it continued to be contested. The entire district was shown as part of Pakistan in the "notional dividing line" of the Indian Independence Act of 1947 and the matter was referred to the Punjab Boundary Commission. The final dividing line ('Radcliffe Line') finally confirmed Wavell's division of the district, with the result that Batala became part of India. For three days, August 14-17, 1947, Batala was considered part of Pakistan and then added to Indian territory.

After the dividing line was announced, many Muslims left Batala and went to Pakistan. Many Hindus and Sikhs were settled here. Then Hindus and Sikhs settled there and Batala now has a Hindu majority that makes up more than 56% of the city's total population with a large Sikh minority of 38%.

Tourist Attractions

The hotel is located in the Gurdaspur district, 38 kilometers from Amritsar on Kashmir Grand Trunk Road. Batala used to be one of the older cities in Lahore Province and is home to many monuments of religious and historical importance, such as Hazira Park, Barah Dari and Hakikat Samadh. These monuments are associated with Sikh history and the Mughal period. The city consists of several churches that were built during the British Raj.

Jal Mahal (Baradari)

The Jal Mahal and the palace of Maharaja Sher Singh were built by the Maharaja (CE 1780–1839). The palace is under the control of the authorities of the local Baring Union Christian College. The administrative offices of the college are housed in it. Jal Mahal is under the control of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Jal Mahal (Baradari) and the palace of Maharaja Sher Singh were connected by a tunnel. According to some seniors, the Shamsher Khan Tank at Jal Mahal was filled with water through the tunnel that was further connected by a long tunnel (canal) to the Beas near Kahnuwan. The remains of the tunnel can be seen near Baring Christian College.

Maharaja Sher Singh held meetings of his courtiers at Jal Mahal. The water reservoir was built by Shamsher Khan while the beautiful Baradari in the middle of the tank was built by Maharaja Sher Singh. It has a square room in the middle of a pavilion with a passage. The entrance to the first floor is via a staircase with concave steps on the northeast canal. Jal Mahal has eight doors on the lower part of the building and four on the upper floor. The interior wall contained beautiful art glass carvings and wall paintings. However, much of the paintings were deleted or damaged. The roof of the pavilion has also fallen. The local council provided a tubewell to fill the tank well into the 1980s. All sides of the reservoir were lined with nanakshahi stones. Over time, however, the brick lining was destroyed. Nowadays there is a Vridh Ashram on one side of the tank, owned and administered by the Dainik Prarthana Sabha. There is also Bhadr Kali Mandir and Shivala. The upper part of Jal Mahal is in a dilapidated state and the time is not far before this magnificent structure will be forgotten.

Gurdwara Kandh Sahib

Guru Nanak Dev Ji was married to Bibi Sulakhani Ji here. He was engaged to the daughter of Mul Chand Chauna, who along with the Brahmin priests insisted on a traditional Hindu marriage, while Guru Nanak Dev Ji wanted a simple marriage. Guru Nanak Dev ji sat next to a crooked wall of mud (kandh) and discussed the marriage plans with the Brahmin clergy. It was planned to push the wall onto the Guru, but Guru Nanak Dev ji was warned of the plan by an old woman. Guru Nanak Dev Ji just smiled and said, "This wall will not fall for centuries. The will of God will prevail." The wall is still preserved in Gurdwara and every year the anniversary of Guru Nanak's wedding is celebrated here. A two minute walk away is Gurudwara Dera Sahib, the home of Mata Sulakhni Ji (bride of Guru Nanak Dev Ji). An old well is in Gurudwara dera Sahib. It is said that well water in itself has special healing powers.

Kali Dwara Mandir

Kalidwara (Darshan of Kalimata)
Photo by Kalidwara Mandir

Another very famous and most visited place of worship is the temple dedicated to the goddess Kali. It is in the heart of the city, i.e. Chakri Bazar, and maximum rush is observed on Tuesday. During the Navratri period, many people from the city and the surrounding region visit the temple. People in Batala and beyond have real faith in Mata Kali Dwara Mandir. Many other temples are also located in Batala City.

Sati Lakshmi Devi Smadh

Temple of Veer Hakikat Rai

Sati Laxmi Devi Smarak is located on Smadh Street of Batala across from Hanuman Akahara. The Smadh of Sati Lakshmi Devi is there, who was engaged to Veer Hakikat Rai. When Laxmi Devi heard the news of her husband's death, she became a sati (throws herself into the fire and burns to death), she was then 10 years old. In this place, a large public park is being created by the locals on the Smadhis of Veer Haqiqat Rai and Sati Lakshmi Devi, reason for Veer's death. Haqiqat Rai is mentioned below |:

Haqiqat Rai Puri was born into a Hindu family in Sialkot, Punjab, Mughal, India. His caste was a puri khatri. [6] His father's name was Bagh Mal Rai, a Hindu trader. At the age of 14, Rai was sent to a Maulvi to learn Persian. One day some of his Muslim classmates made fun of various Hindu deities and mocked his religion. In return, he asked them how they would feel if someone insulted Muhammad or Ayesha. In return, his classmates reported this to the Maulvi, as this was viewed as an insult to Islam.

As a result, he was taken to Lahore (then a provincial capital in the Mughal Empire) where he was given the opportunity to convert to Islam in order to save his life, but he refused. As a result, at the age of 14, he was beheaded during the governor of Zakariya Khan. Quasi Abdul Haq, who was responsible for the fatwa, was later beheaded by Sardar Dal Singh and Saradar Mana Singh and shown in the city of Batala


According to preliminary data from the 2011 census, the urban agglomeration of Batala had a population of 158,404, of which 83,536 were men and 74,868 were women. The literacy rate was 85.28 percent.



Foundry sand is located in Dharamkot near Batala. The deposits are located 6.5 km west of Batala. The Dharmkot sand is located on both sides of the Batala - Dera Baba Nanak road and is a natural molding sand that contains around 20% clay. Another deposit approximately 4 meters thick is located approximately 6 km from Batala on the Batala Qadian Road. The sand has a yellowish tinge on the surface, but is reddish brown at a depth of about 1 meter.

The sand deposits are also located in Bhagwanpur, about 15 km west of Batala on Dera Baba Nanak Road and about 10 km from Gurdaspur on Gurdaspur Naushera Road (20 percent clay).

Salt Petre occurs in the district in the villages of Thikriwala, Pandori in the Tehsils of Gurdaspur and Dhawan, Chataurgarh and Badowal in the Tehsil of Batala. It is a source of potassium nitrate that can be used to make crackers and gunpowder, in the match and sugar industries, and as fertilizer.


Batala is an important industrial city known for the manufacture of machine tools and wool products. Therefore it is well connected with the other cities of Punjab by road and rail. Government and private buses are the main source of travel to other cities. Batala has the only state bus depot in the district.


Batala bus stop (buses for Jalandhar side)
Bus stop Batala (buses for Gurdaspur side)

The Batala bus stop is located near Gandhi Chownk and people can usually get around to different cities by bus. Around 1,000 buses transport more than 40,000 passengers every day.

Batala Bus Depot contact information
General Manager: 01871-241101
Inquiries to bus stops telephone number: 01871–240104.


Batala Station (station code BAT) is on the Amritsar - Pathankot line of the Firozpur Division of the Northern Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Amritsar Junction Station is approximately 38 kilometers from the city and is the nearest major station. Train to Qadian is another diversion from Batala. In 2010 the Ministry of Railways adopted a budget for the connection of the Batala-Quadian rail link with Jalandhar via Beas Junction. The project would start soon. This project will help connect Batala to the Amritsar-Delhi high-speed section and reduce travel time to Jalandhar by 1 hour without having to go through Amritsar.

Rail Inquiry Phone Number: 139 (You can only dial 139 for Indian Railways help)


Guru Ram Das International Airport, which serves the city of Amritsar, is the closest international airport and is approximately 40 km from the city. The nearest military airport is Pathankot Airport in Pathankot, 70 kilometers from Batala.

Hospitals, schools and colleges

Batala has a number of hospitals, schools and colleges that are attached to various bodies.




  • Dr. MRS Bhalla DAV School, Qila Mandi Batala. (PSEB)
  • Government. Upper school (boys) near Gurudwara Kandh Sahib Batala. (PSEB)
  • Akshey Sareen's school
  • Arya Girls Sr. Secondary School (PSEB)
  • Baring School (ICSE)
  • BVN Sainik High School
  • Cambridge International School (CBSE)
  • City young school, ICSE
  • DAV Centenary Public School (CBSE)
  • Des Raj DAV Senior Secondary School (CBSE)
  • Evergreen Science and Sports School, Achalsahib (Chahalkalan) (PSEB)
  • Fc Verma Sr. Secondary School (PSEB)
  • FSM Silver Creek School (ICSE)
  • Gems Cambridge International School, Batala
  • Guru Nanak School
  • Guru Nanak Khalsa Sr. / Sec (Narowal) Batala
  • Hollyhock High School, Batala
  • Kotli Bhan Singh Elementary School
  • Methodist Sen.sec. School (PSEB)
  • RD Khosla DAV Model Senior Secondary School (CBSE)
  • Saheed Baba Deep Singh Modern School, Dhupsari
  • School and College of the Salvation Army
  • St. Francis School (ICSE)
  • WoodStock Public School, Anarkali Road, Batala (CBSE)
  • National Progressive School (PSEB)
  • Excelsior Public (CBSE)
  • Shri Guru Nanak Dev Academy Kandila Batala
  • The Millennium School, Batala (CBSE)

Notable people

  • Ijaz Hussain Batalvi Lawyer, Academic, Witter and Storyteller
  • Shiv Kumar Batalvi - poet, singer
  • Mumtaz Mufti - The renowned Pakistani writer, philosopher and psychologist was awarded the high Pakistani civil award Sitara-e-Imtiaz and the Munshi Premchand.
  • Bhupinder Singh Mann - Ex-MP (Rajya Sabha from 1990 to 1996), nominated by the President of India for outstanding contribution to the cause of the Indian farmers.
  • Prabhjot Singh - hockey player for the Indian men's hockey team.
  • Gurpartap Singh Mann - Member of the Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC)
  • Surjit Singh Randhawa - hockey player for the Indian men's hockey team.
  • Surendra Nath Sharma - Indian Hindi film actor, singer.
  • Sardar from Rangar Nangal
  • Shamsher Khan - ruler of Batala at the time of Emperor Akbar, as he was Akbar's foster brother
  • Maulana Abdul Majeed Salik, journalist and poet.
  • Ashiq Hussain Batalvi. Writer and historian
  • Dev Anand - He studied in Batala, Dharamshala and Lahore before the partition.
  • Mohini Hameed - Pakistani radio station, presenter, and actress.

See also


External links