What do the Japanese call their children
Country info: Japan
Japan is a group of islands with about four thousand islands that form an arc of about 2,500 km. In the southwest are the South China Sea and China, in the west the Sea of Japan, South, North Korea and Russia. The eastern and southeastern coasts of Japan border the Pacific Ocean.
Fuji is one of the 60 still active volcanoes in the country, its last eruption was in 1707.
Although Japan has few natural resources, the country has developed into one of the leading economic powers since the 1970s. Important industries are consumer electronics and steel and iron production.
Japan has the largest fishing fleet in the world and fishes around 10 million tons of fish from the oceans every year - and the number is rising. As a result, many regions are now considered overfished.
The Ainu are the indigenous people of Japan. Today they live on the island of Hokkaido and maintain their own culture, language and religion there.
The Japanese call their country Nippon: land of the rising sun.
From Berlin to the capital Tokyo it is - as the crow flies - 8918 km.
Due to the large extent of the islands, the climate is very different. The temperatures vary depending on the winds from the continent and the ocean currents. It is significantly warmer in the south than in the northern parts of the country. Most of the precipitation falls with monsoon rains and cyclones in summer.
Special from Japan
Hiroshima - World Heritage Site Atomic Bomb Dome: On August 6, 1945, at 8:15 a.m., the world's first atomic bomb was dropped on Japan with enormous consequences. The ruin of the old Hiroshima Chamber of Commerce and Industry has been a World Heritage Site since 1996 - it is a small ruin made of rusty steel and crumbling concrete, but the landmark of the city of Hiroshima. Hiroshima is now a bustling city where you no longer see atomic victims. Yet they do exist and these people live very withdrawn.
Imperial Palace: The Imperial Palace is the official residence of the Japanese Emperor (Tenno) and his family. Tennu is a direct descendant of the legendary first emperor Jimmu (660 to 585 BC).
Time: Japan has a special relationship with time. The rule is: be quick and on time, because performance is work in time.
Eating and behavior
The Japanese eat mainly rice, fresh vegetables, seafood and eat little meat. Rice and tea are part of almost every meal.
When eating a meal in a traditional setting, the Japanese hold their bowl to eat at chest level instead of bending down to the table. Most foods are eaten with chopsticks, but a knife and fork is usually used for Western dishes. Fast food is very popular with younger Japanese people.
Pointing or crisscrossing a person with chopsticks is considered impolite.
plants and animals
The Japanese love flowering plants. Japan is home to more than 17,000 species of plants. Numerous plants are also found in European gardens today: many fruit trees, rhododendrons and azaleas, chrysanthemums, primroses, bluebells, gladioli, lilies and the lotus flower.
Numerous birds of prey live in Japan, e. B. White-tailed eagles, osprey, common buzzard, gray-faced buzzard, black kite, sparrowhawk, hawk, peregrine falcon and kestrel.
Schooling is compulsory from 6 to 15 years of age. Primary school lasts 6 years, middle school 3 years. The 3-year high school is voluntary.
Sumo (a type of wrestling competition) and judo are the national sports for men and women. Sumo fights took place at the court of the empress as early as the 7th century. Western sports such as baseball and golf are also played. Unlike us, golf is played with tees in multi-storey sports facilities due to the lack of space.
- A sumo wrestler can weigh up to 280 kilograms. To maintain the weight, he consumes a special stew every day, chankonabe called. It consists of seafood, meat, vegetables and tofu.
- The red-faced macaque lives on the island of Honshu. The habitat of this species of monkey extends so far to the north that it has to survive in snow and frost in winter. To warm up, he likes to bathe extensively in the hot springs found there.
- A 16-petalled chrysanthemum can be seen on the coat of arms of Japan. This coat of arms may only be used by the imperial family. Anyone who uses it anyway faces life imprisonment.
- Japan owns the oldest national anthem in the world. It dates from the 9th century.
Since the Japanese emperors are said to have descended directly from the sun, the red disk in the flag of Japan represents the sun.
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