How did the Holy Roman Empire work

What is the Holy Roman Empire?

Holy and Roman?

What a strange name: Holy Roman Empire! The area was where Germany is now!

But back then there was still no Germany. A new empire developed from the former Eastern Franconia under the Ottonians. It also occupied many more areas in Central Europe than what is now Germany. The abbreviation is also known as the HRR.

When did the Holy Roman Empire begin?

Historians are not entirely in agreement about when exactly one can speak of such a new empire. Sometimes Konrad I, sometimes Heinrich I, sometimes Otto I is named as the first king of this empire. So there is no fixed point in time - it was only developing. The name for this kingdom came about later. A "Holy Empire" for 1157 is documented. It should be "holy" because rulership should be granted by God Himself.

Almost 100 years later, the addition "Roman" was added. The kings saw themselves in the Succession to the Roman emperors. The Roman Empire had been so powerful - so powerful should the new empire be. That is why the German kings were crowned emperors and went to see the Pope in Rome. It was not until the 15th century that the term "German Nation" was added: Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.

The Limits this empire changed a lot over time. Large areas of Central Europe were included and even southern Italy.

The end of the HRR

The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation ended with the establishment of the Rhine Confederation in 1806. Napoleon and the Rhine Confederation formed an alliance of German states that was dependent on France. These had to leave the Holy Roman Empire. And that meant the end of the Holy Roman Empire. Franz II laid down the imperial crown on August 6, 1806.