What is cell taxonomy

The Spread of Living Organisms on Earth Scheme. Distribution of living organisms on earth

The spread of living organisms on earth. Live organisms on our planet are very different. It is man, animals and plants as well as fungi and bacteria. Some live in a lithosphere (land). These, for example earthworms and moles. If we look at the clods of soil under a strong magnifying glass, we will see bacteria and microorganisms. Eagle and other birds most often meet us in the sky. Heaven - its elements. They live in the atmosphere all the time, and in other shells (lithosphere and hydrosphere) are found temporarily. In addition to birds, there are other living organisms in the atmosphere. Scientists calculated that 1 cubic meter of air contained several thousand bacteria and microorganisms. There is life in all three shells. These three shells combined support the support of the earth that formed another shell - live. Output:

Slide 14. From the presentation "Earth shells". Archive size with a presentation 3263 KB.

World surrounds class

Summary of the other presentations

"Grade 3 ecosystems" - swamp. Choose the Destroyer Sea: Kubashka Uzabka Plattenton Perch. T.I.D. See. S. B. N. V. L. Which ecosystems studied? M. E. P. What is the cycle of substances in the lake ecosystem? Y. U.

"Computer information" - a pocket laptop computer. System unit. Keyboard. Monitoring the device to display video information. Flashka. Play music. Columns. Note the safe distance for your eyes - 50 cm. Printer. Mouse and keyboard device for. Play games. The first computer was invented in England. Scanner. Keep information. The time of practical work on the computer is no longer than 15 minutes. Computer composition. Crisps. Monitor. Components of a computer. 2010 academic year. Laser discs.

"Energy Grade 3" is the topic: "What is energy"? Petrol. For the work of the body or mechanism is required. The world surrounds (grade 3). Why do humans and animals eat? Why does an iron or a lamp work? Electricity. Another Ustinova Margarita Alekseevna TSO No. 1927. Energy sources. Eat. What is the most correct definition of energy? Energy is a source of movement, the ability to do work.

"Chastity of substances grade 3" - Plants (manufacturers) provide all food and oxygen. The work was carried out on the project "Live Shell of the Planet". Living participants in the cycle of substances. The sun. Inorganic substances, water. So our hypothesis was flawed. Hypothesis. Air. Yes, you can. The author of the project: Student 3 "in" class of high school №13 G. Krasnoyarsk Unlike Sasha. Study: Imagine that the plant fell on an inanimate island. The earth. Output. Can there be living organisms together? Air Water. Burning food grows multiplied dying.

"Planet Earth" - check yourself out! Earth we have one. The country has huge water stocks. Our country is the only planet where life exists. Our country took up space first! The earth has a spherical shape. The whole world was convinced that the earth was spherical in shape. 1 satellite rotates around the earth - moon. Earth - planet of the solar system. The first person in the world to see our country from space was cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin.

"Environmental Systems" - to prove that the aquarium is a small artificial ecological system. ? Purpose: aquarium. The lesson of the surrounding world with elements of integration (music, synthesis of arts) in grade 3. M. Nalbandyan. Artificially. Forest. Lake. Naturally. Field. Meadow. I will take the light of the sun in the palm of my hand and apply it to the heart. Environmental systems. I.

1 slide

Subject: The diversity and distribution of organisms on the land of the destination: the kingdom of organisms name their main characteristics; Determine the conditions for the presence of organisms.

2 slide

The composition of the earth (shell, spheres) of the lithosphere of the hydrosphere atmosphere is the upper layer of the lithosphere, the lower layer of the atmosphere, the entire hydrosphere is with living organisms (these organisms form - the biosphere)

3 slide

Biosphere (from Greek. "Bio" - life) is an earthly space, a shell in which life exists.

4 slide

5 slide

Diversity of the living kingdom with cell taxonomic units representative general characteristics bacteria fungi plants animals

6 slide

Kingdom The presence of cell taxonomic units representing general properties of single cell bacteria. They have types of sticks, balls, spirals (from Greek, "magic wand"), often they are very small. Your body is made up of a timelet. Differences. The cell of the bacterium has no nucleus, and the cell of the simplest contains the kernel. It is known to consider 2500 types of bacterial fungi to be multicellular and unicellular. Single class: MUC, yeast. Multicolor: Penicill, BLUTCH, for caps: Cherterelles, Amanitoren, white. There are approximately 100,000 plant animal specimen rings

7 slide.

Kingdom Availability of cells Taxonomic units Representatives General properties of bacterial plants Fungi are multicellular and knowledgeable. Departments: algae, mosses, embossed, ferns, floral clear: Chlorella, Chlamdonada (algae). Mnokly cell (for all departments). About 350 thousand species. Purpose: serving food, raw materials, contributing to the transformation of solar energy. There are no other similar organisms on earth. Animals

8 slide

Kingdom with cells Taxonomic units Representative general properties Bacteria Fungi Plants Plants Plants Animals Single cell (simplest kind); Multicellular (for all other types) 1. Inexpensive: * Worms * Mollusks * Implakolen * Arthropods 2. Vertebrates * Fish * Amphibians * Reptiles * * Birds * Mammals. Earthworm. Octopus, clam. Sea hedgehogs, starfish. Admiral, beetle - deer, (insects); Pike, som, shark, sea globe. Toad, Kwaksh, Triton. Snake, turtle, lizards. Owl, Drof, Swan. Keith, Dolphin, Tiger, Elk. The most diverse kingdom. Approximately 1 million 500,000 species are known. The most numerous insects in number of types.

9 slide

Kingdom The presence of cell taxonomic units representing general properties of single cell bacteria. - They have types of sticks, balls, spirals (from Greek, "magic wand"), they are often very small. Your body is made up of a timelet. Differences. The cell of the bacterium has no nucleus, and the cell of the simplest contains the kernel. It is known to consider 2500 types of bacterial fungi to be multicellular and unicellular. - Unique: Morkor, yeast. Multicolor: Penicill, BLUTCH, for caps: Cherterelles, Amanitoren, white. Single class: MUC, yeast. Multicolor: Penicill, BLUTCH, for caps: Cherterelles, Amanitoren, white. Plants are multicellular and understandable. Departments: algae, musts, voting, ferns, flowers. Unicellite: Chlorella, Chlamdonada (seaweed). Many cells (for all departments). About 350 thousand species. Purpose: serving food, raw materials, contributing to the transformation of solar energy. There are no other similar organisms on earth. Animals are unicellular (simple type); multicellular (for all other types.) 1. Invoible: * Worms * Mollusks * IshinderBye * Artificial Legs 2. Vertebrate * Fish * Amphibians * Reptiles * Birds * Mammals. Earthworm. Octopus, clam. Sea hedgehogs, starfish. Admiral, beetle - deer, (insects); Pike, som, shark, sea globe. Toad, Kwaksh, Triton. Snake, turtle, lizards. Owl, Drof, Swan. Keith, dolphin, tiger, elk. Earthworm. Octopus, clam. Sea hedgehogs, starfish. Admiral, beetle - deer, (insects); Pike, som, shark, sea globe. Toad, Kwaksh, Triton. Snake, turtle, lizards. Owl, Drof, Swan. Keith, Dolphin, Tiger, Elk.

With this lesson you will familiarize yourself with the topic of dispersive organisms. It's the first in the Biosphere section. A lesson will help you to form an idea of ​​organisms as components through their uneven distribution on the surface of the earth. Look at all of the diversity on our planet and discuss the relationship between them.

The spread of living organisms is due to climatic conditions, the structure of the soil and other factors. On the other hand, the organisms themselves can change their habitat and influence the climate. The greatest concentration of living organisms is characteristic of the surface of the sushi, in the shallow part of the ocean.

Living organisms interact closely with other land shells with each other and thus exist. Living organisms live in the stratosphere and in the deep parts of the earth's crust. The richest in the vegetable and animal world of the wet equatorial forests. In these forests, the abundance of heat, moisture and food.

Cowardly. 2. Wet equatorial forests ()

Plants are able to create organic substances from inorganic. Plants eat some types of animals (herbivores), they in turn need predators.

Cowardly. 3. Predatory animals of the Arctic ()

In cold and hot dry territories of the planet of living organisms are much less than in forests.

Cowardly. 4.Sugar desert in the picture ()

The conditions for the existence of living organisms in the sea:

1. Number of sunlight

2. Depth

3. Water properties (salinity, composition, amount of nutrients)

4. Currents

5. Availability of food

6. Temperature.

Algae dominate the marine systems.

Cowardly. 5. Algae ()

The largest ocean dwellers float free (seals, penguins, whales, walrus, dolphins, etc.). Cruise, mollusks, worms dwell on the bottom of the oceans and seas. Small organisms that transmit the thickness of the water are called plankton.Platon is the main food for fish and mammals, so water rich in plate clay is rich in fish. At considerable depths of living organisms there are far fewer fewer.

Many living organisms live near hydrothermal springs. There are many bacteria that, like plants, produce organic material. Also next to these sources live in large worms, crustaceans that are not found in other places.

Liana are very common plants. They are very flexible and can reach considerable lengths.

These fish live in cool waters at considerable depths that drown in the sand.

Cowardly. 7. Fish fish ()

Homework

Paragraphs 46, 47.

1. Which factors influence the spread of living organisms?

Reference list

basic

1. The first geography of geography: studies. for 6 cl. general education. Institutions / etc. Gerasimova, n.p. Nezlukov. - 10th ed., Stereotype. - M .: Drops, 2010. - 176 p.

2. Geography. 6 cl .: Atlas. - 3rd ed., Stereotype. - M .: drops; Dick, 2011. - 32 p.

3. Geography. 6 cl .: Atlas. - 4th ed., Stereotype. - M .: Drops, Tail, 2013. - 32 p.

4. Geography. 6 cl .: Cont Cards: M .: Dick, Drop, 2012. - 16 p.

Encyclopedia, dictionaries, index and statistical collections

1. Geography. Modern illustrated encyclopedia / A.P. Gorkin. - M .: Rosman-Press, 2006. - 624 p.

Literature to prepare for GIA and EGE

1. Geography: First course: tests. Studies. Manual for students from 6 cl. - M .: Humanit. ed. CENTER VLADOS, 2011. - 144 p.

2. Geography tests. 6-10 Cl .: Pedagogical and methodological manual / A.A. LETHYAGIN. - M .: Agency "Agency" KRP "olymp": "Astrel", "Ast", 2001. - 284 p.

1. Federal Institute for Educational Measurements ().

2. Russian Geographical Society ().

3.geografia.ru ().

Slider 2.

Goals and Goals:

  • Form an idea of ​​the factors responsible for the spread of organisms on earth;
  • Introduce the concepts of "biosphere", "latitude zone", "high altitude zonality"
  • Slide 3.

    In the process of evolution on earth, a special shell was formed - biosphere (Greek BIOS "life").

    This term was first introduced in 1875. Austrian scientist Eduard Zyuss

    Biological evolution is a natural process of the development of wild animals, accompanied by a change in the genetic make-up of populations, the formation of adaptations, specification and the extinction of species.

    Slider 4.

    In the 20th century of the twentieth century, an eminent Russian scientist academician Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky (1853-1945) developed "The Doctrine of the Biosphere"

    Slider 5.

    What is the "biosphere"? What are the limits (above and below)? What

    organisms are presented? Fill out the scheme

    • biosphere
    • bacteria
    • biosphere
    • bacteria
    • Mushrooms
    • plants
    • Animals
  • Slider 6.

    The boundaries of the earth's biosphere are carried out at the limits of the spread of living organisms, which means ...

    That the upper limit takes place at the level of the ozone layer at an altitude of 20-25 km ...

    ... and the lower limit takes place in the depth where the organisms are stopped.

    Slide 7.

    Which conditions influence the spread of organisms on earth? Fill out the table

    Slide 8.

    Article 3, read 4, give the definition of "Latitude Zone" phenomena ", medical

    zonality "using formula: definition \ u003d keyword + significant characters

    In FIG. 93 natural land areas

    • Latitude zonality is the sequential location of the natural zones of Poles on the equator, which is associated with a change in the ratio of heat and humidity.
    • High-rise zonality - consistent location of the natural zones in the mountains
  • Slide 9.

    Slider 10.

    Animals of the arctic desert

    1 - Kair; 2 - Clever; 3 - Shirby; 4 - polar bear; 5 - Greenland Seal.

    Slide 11.

    Arctic desert plants

    1 - moss pillow; 2 - polar poppies; 3 - Camery; 4 - braiding.

    Slider 12.

    Plants tundra.

    1 - polar Iva; 2 - dwarf birch; 3 - puffing; 4 - Occ; 5 - Driada; 6 - poppy seeds; 7 - Yagel.

    Forest plants

    Slide 13.

    Animals tundra.

    1 - polar owl; 2 - northern game;

    3 - lemming; 4 - loud.

    Animals tundra.

    Slide 14.

    Animals taiga.

    1 - elk; 2 - Kabarga; 3 - brown bear; 4 - Lynx;

    5 - sable; 6 - chipmunk; 7 - degrahae; 8 - KNEST.

    Slider 15.

    Plants Taiga.

    1 - fir; 2 - fir; 3 - larch; 4 - juniper; 5 - blueberries; 6 - Acid.

    Slider 16.

    Mixed forest

  • Slider 17.

    Plants of the wide forest

    1 - oak; 2 - LIPA; 3 - maple; 4 - slim; 5 - Elder;

    6 - hoods; 7 - purple; 8 - Medianship.

    Slide 18.

    Animals from vast forests

    1 - bison; 2 - noble deer; 3 - boar; 4 - fox; 5 - itching; 6 - notas; 7 - stag beetle.

    Slide 19

    Forest steppe

  • Slide 20.

    Animals steppes

    1 - saiga; 2 - souslik; 3 - grounding; 4 - drops; 5 - Steppe Eagle; 6 - Steppe Lergs; 7 - Corsac; 8 - Manul.

    Slide 21.

    Semi-desert

  • Slider 22.

    Stones desert

  • Slide 23.

    Sand desert

  • Slider 24.

    Animals desert

    1 - Central Asiatic Tortoise; 2 - Sandy EFA; 3 - agama; 4 - Scorpio; 5 - Chernotka beetle; 6 - Tushkanchik; 7 - caracal; 8 - Jeyran; 9 - Dugorby Camel.

    Slider 25.

    Desert plants

    1- White Saksaul; 2 - sandakacia;

    3 - camel spiky.

    Slide 26.

    Animals savannah.

  • Slide 27.

    Musson Forest (seasonal wet forests)

  • Slide 28.