Should you kill your enemies

The Sermon on the Mount (Chapters 5.1–7.29)

The Beatitudes

51 When he saw the people, he went up a mountain. And he sat down, and his disciples came up to him.

2 And he opened his mouth and taught them, saying,

Blessed are the poor in spirit; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Blessed are those who suffer; for they are to be comforted.

Blessed are the meek; for they will own the earth.

Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness; because they should be full.

Blessed are the merciful; for they will receive mercy.

Blessed are the pure in heart; for they will see God.

Blessed are the peacemakers; for they will be called children of God.

10 Blessed are those who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11 Blessed are you when people revile and persecute you for my sake and speak all sorts of evil against you while lying.

12 Rejoice and rejoice; you will be richly rewarded in heaven. For in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

Salt and light

13 You are the salt of the earth. If the salt is no longer salting, what should you use to salt? It is no longer of any use than to be thrown away and let people crush it.

14 You are the light of the world. The city on a hill cannot be hidden.

15 Nor do they light a lamp and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; so it shines for all who are in the house.

16 So let your light shine before people so that they may see your good works and praise your Heavenly Father.

Jesus' position on the law

17 Do not think that I came to destroy the law or the prophets; I did not come to dissolve, but to fulfill.

18 For verily, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, the smallest letter and the icing on the cake will not pass away from the law, until it all happens.

19 Whoever dissolves one of these least of these commandments and teaches the people to do so will be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does it and teaches it will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

20 For I say to you, unless your righteousness is better than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.

From killing

21 You have heard that it was said to the ancients (Exodus 20:13; 21:12): "You shall not kill"; but whoever kills must owe judgment.

22 But I say to you, whoever is angry with his brother is guilty of judgment; but whoever says to his brother: You useless! is owed by the high council; but whoever says: You fool! is guilty of the hellish fire.

23 Therefore, when you offer your gift on the altar and it occurs to you that your brother has something against you,

24 Leave your gift there in front of the altar, and go first and be reconciled with your brother, and then come and offer your gift.

25 Immediately make up with your adversary while you are still on the way, so that the adversary does not hand you over to the judge and the judge to the bailiff and you are thrown into prison.

26 Truly I say to you, you will not get out of there until you have paid the last penny.

From adultery

27 You have heard that it was said (Exodus 20:14): "You shall not commit adultery."

28 But I say to you, whoever looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

29 But if your right eye deceives you, pluck it out and throw it away. It is better for you that one of your members perish and that your whole body not be thrown into hell.

30 If your right hand deceives you, cut it off and throw it away from you. It is better for you that one of your members perish and not your whole body go to hell.

31 It is also said (Deuteronomy 24: 1): "Anyone who divorces his wife shall give her a letter of divorce."

32 But I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except because of fornication, causes her to commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

From swearing

33 You have also heard that it was said to the ancients (Leviticus 19:12; Numbers 30: 3): "You shall not swear a false oath and you shall keep your oaths to the Lord."

34 But I tell you not to swear at all, neither by heaven, for it is God's throne;

35 by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet; nor at Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great king.

36 Neither shall you swear by your head; for you cannot make a single hair white or black.

37 But let your speech be: Yes, yes; No no. What is above is from evil.

Of repaying

38 You have heard that it was said (Exodus 21:24): "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth."

39 But I tell you not to oppose what is evil, but rather, if someone hits you on the right cheek, offer the other one too.

40 And if someone wants to argue with you and take your coat away from you, leave them your coat too.

41 And if anyone makes you go a mile, go with him two.

42 Give to those who ask you and do not turn away from those who want to borrow from you.

Of love for the enemy

43 You have heard that it was said, "You shall love your neighbor" (Leviticus 19:18) and hate your enemy.

44 But I say to you: Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you

45 that you may be children of your Heavenly Father. For he makes his sun rise on the bad and the good and lets rain on the just and the unjust.

46 For if you love those who love you, what reward will you have? Do not the tax collectors do the same?

47 And if you are only kind to your brothers, what are you doing special? Do not the Gentiles do the same?

48 Therefore you are to be perfect as your heavenly Father is perfect.