Are Serbia and the US enemies

Kosovo : Old enemies, new friends

The Serbs in Kosovo have not yet come to terms with the independence of the former Serbian province. On Tuesday, a group of them attacked a border post in the new state. Diplomatically, however, Kosovo's step towards independence can no longer be stopped. After the USA and France got started on Monday, a real wave of recognition began. In Germany, a decision is expected this Wednesday. On the agenda of the Federal Cabinet is the “approval of the Federal Government to the recognition of the Republic of Kosovo under international law and the declaration of readiness to enter into diplomatic relations”.

US President George W. Bush, meanwhile, defended the rapid recognition of Kosovo: "We believe that it was the right step," he said on Tuesday. There are different views on this issue, but the US is convinced that history will show that it was right.

The reaction was different in Russia, which had requested an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council on Monday evening. The council broke up after more than two hours, however, with no result. Moscow received support from Georgia's President Mikhail Saakashvili, who is not considered a friend of Russia. Against the background of developments in the Balkans, however, the chances of rapprochement are almost never. Russia is reaping the first fruits of its Kosovo policy and can hope to regain influence in former Soviet republics that it believed to be lost.

Like his counterpart Vladimir Putin, Saakashvili criticized Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence and its recognition by a number of states from Western Europe. He had every reason to do so, because Georgia is also confronted with separatist movements. You feel inspired by the current events. The specific reason for the alarm mood in Tbilisi are declarations by the separatists in Georgia's breakaway provinces of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The leaders of the two regions have been with their protecting power in Moscow since the end of last week, and at press conferences there are calling for the international recognition of their miniature states and the lifting of the economic blockade that the USSR successor community of the CIS had in 1996 against all separatist regimes on the territory of the former Soviet Union decided.

Georgia has already spoken of interference in internal affairs and has appointed Russia's ambassador to the Foreign Ministry. On the one hand. On the other hand, diplomats from both states are working hard behind the scenes to pin down details for a lengthy one-on-one conversation between Saakashvili and Putin, which is planned on the sidelines of the CIS summit on Thursday.

If Russia negotiates well, a change in foreign policy would be possible in Tbilisi. On the one hand, this is indicated by the new anti-Western rhetoric of the Georgian leadership. So far, the President and Parliament, for whom integration into Western European structures is an absolute priority, have refrained from criticizing any foreign policy decisions made by the West. On the other hand, Saakashvili, who was only confirmed in office with a narrow majority in early presidential elections in January, needs a presentable success quickly that costs as little as possible and, in the best case, even brings in something. For a rapprochement with Russia, which would automatically lead to the lifting of Moscow's economic blockade, he knows that the bulk of Georgians are behind him. In addition, most Georgians see the recognition of Kosovo by the West as a betrayal. In view of this scenario, the country's accession to NATO seems a long way off.

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