What is Expository Fonts main purpose

Illustrative Resources: Types and Examples

The Explanatory resources encompass all of the strategies often found in expository texts to help their readers grasp the information that is to be transmitted. The structure of the text and the topic covered will largely determine what kind of resources are appropriate to achieve this goal.

In this sense, an exposory text, also known as an explanatory text, is a text that presents objective facts on a specific topic. This can be addressed to a broad public as well as a specialized one. In any case, the main purpose of the exhibition texts is to inform, explain or convince.

On the other hand, these writings are associated with the diffusion of knowledge in the fields of science, technology, or art. It is important that the information is presented in a logical, clear, and orderly manner. Its main characteristic is objectivity and the predominant linguistic function is representativity, ie they provide information about a reality.

To accomplish this informative mission, the authors use various explanatory resources. These are justified by the author's desire to anticipate the difficulties of understanding that his work might cause the recipient. In this way, they provide the necessary tools for reading comprehension in advance.



The definition consists of demarcating an object or subject in order to capture what belongs to it and excluding what is not in order to distinguish it and give it a precise meaning.

These types of explanatory resources are recognized because they start with verbal expressions like them contain, to be named, on the Is referred tothan that she are defined or of which they consist, among other things.

On the other hand, definitions can be of three types. Definitions of equivalence are those that use a familiar term that has a similar meaning. Mainly it is recognized because it uses as a marker the verb it is supposed to be.

Second, there are descriptive type definitions that are achieved by a detailed relationship of the properties of the object of interest.

This resource is easily identified by the use of markers as it out, consists, consists, consists and other equivalents.

Finally, definitions of the function type are found. In this type of definition, the object indicates its function, purpose, or use.

The specific markers for this type of definition are the terms for which they are is usedwho she as a functionthat they for Purpose and other parallel expressions.

Comparisons and analogies

When comparing, attention is drawn to two or more objects or concepts to show their similarities and differences. This is a procedure used to test or amplify the properties of something based on the properties of another object.

On the other hand, there is an analogy in the use of comparisons and metaphors that relate the declared or defined objects to others in different spheres, with those that maintain some kind of similarity relationship.

When analogies are made, this is clarified or illustrated by creating relationships between one concept and other concepts in other areas. This resource is very useful for understanding difficult-to-understand concepts as it is not suitable for everyday use.


During the characterization, the objects or concepts are divided into classes or categories according to defined criteria. This type of explanatory resource is based on the use of adjectives and verb forms. Among these verbal forms are, among others, Gifts the most common.


Reformulation is repetition of a concept using terms or structures that are different from those already in use. It is a redundant practice, but it is important to define concepts and make them understandable.

This resource is recognizable because it is so like youis, ie with other words, in other words or similar, linguistic markers are used.


The use of examples about the reader's experience of phrasing that might otherwise be abstract or misleading.

You will like by the use of connectors z. B. other marked. Sometimes examples are usually given immediately after a colon or in parentheses.

Using the example, the idea moves to a scenario that comes close to the experience of the interlocutor. Examples used to illustrate facts, problems, or situations can be said.


Appointments are very effective explanatory resources. They bring expert voices to the explanation that confirm the explanatory approach and make it credible.

Quoting is a resource that addresses the reliability of a fact or statement. This reliability is based on the reputation of the person who formulates it (an expert or a textbook).

Examples of explanatory resources


"The feeling of being experienced by one person in relation to another, which is expressed in the fact that he wants his company, is happy with what is good for him and suffers with what is bad ...". (Definition of love according to María Moliner in her book Diccionario de uso del español )


"The basic qualities of love are: giving, caring, responsibility, respect, knowledge and freedom. Without these 6 qualities, the love we practice can be anything, but it is not love, even if it is named ..." . (Characterization of love according to Salvador Alvarado in his book Un regalo de amor )


"Rosacea is a chronic skin disease that usually affects the forehead, nose, cheekbones, and chin. Groups of capillaries near the surface of the skin expand, causing facial redness, which is reddened areas, with papules and sometimes pustules that Simulate acne ... ". (Rosacea after nutritious recipes that heal )


"... input units, for example the keyboard, which supplies information to the computer; output unit, for example the monitor, which displays the results». The big advice book of the world newspaper El País)


"This species [Amaranthus dubius] is similar to Amaranthus spinosus, but differs in that it is a spineless plant." (At work Main weeds associated with bean cultivation in the Andean region )


"... and I quote Angel Rama," as far and as far as the imperial expansion of the European industrial powers models the countries of the continent with the economic and social forms of their capitalist organization "(In Woman and Modernity in the Chronicles by José Martí, by Inés Guerrero Espejo)