How much tax is deducted
When do you have to pay taxes?
Amount of training allowance, wage tax class, wage tax, church tax, solidarity surcharge
In principle, every employee in Germany has to pay taxes - this also includes trainees. Whether you have to pay taxes as an apprentice depends on the amount of your training allowance and your income tax bracket.
In the following chapters we assume that you are single (not married) and have no children. Then you will be assigned income tax class I (one) by the tax office. You can check this on your pay slip, there is the income tax bracket somewhere above.
If you have to pay taxes, the corresponding amount will be deducted from your training allowance and transferred to the tax office by your employer. You don't have to do anything at this point - you only get involved when it comes to getting the money back from the tax office: Then you have to file a tax return.
The amount of income tax depends on your income tax class. With income tax class I you don't have to pay any income tax at all if you have a gross monthly wage of € 1,000, € 1,100 incur just over € 2 income tax per month and € 1,200 gross monthly income tax is € 14.
Use our free wage tax calculator to calculate how much wage tax you have to pay.
You don't have to calculate and pay the wage tax yourself - there is software for this, and the employer passes your wage tax on to the tax office. You can then find out the exact figures in your pay slip, which you receive from your employer every month.
If you are paid holiday pay and / or Christmas pay at your company, you must also know that these payments are unfortunately not exempt from income tax. That means: They increase your income, and even if you earn less than € 1,000 per month (without vacation or Christmas bonus), you may have to pay wage tax - because you exceed the limit of wage tax liability with vacation and Christmas bonuses.
You only have to pay church tax if you are a member of the Roman Catholic or Protestant Church. The church tax in Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg is 8%, in all other federal states 9% of the wage tax. The Israelite religious communities and the Old Catholics are also allowed to levy church taxes.
Some churches are theoretically allowed to raise church taxes, but forego it. These include B. the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches, the Federation of Free Evangelical Congregations in Germany, the Federation of Free Church Pentecostal Congregations, the Methodist Church, Orthodox Churches, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), the New Apostolic Church, the Seventh-day Adventists, Jehovah's Witnesses, and a few more.
Even as a Muslim, you don't have to pay church tax.
You only have to pay the solidarity surcharge if you pay more than € 81 wage tax per month - and even then you will not be charged the full amount. Only from a salary of around € 1,600 per month (and wage tax class I) the full amount is due and you get about 5.5% of the wage tax deducted as solos.
From 2021, only people with a very high income will have to pay the solidarity surcharge.
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