White teeth are always healthy teeth
These are the 7 signs of healthy teeth!
These are the 7 signs of healthy teeth!
A brilliant white - that is the criterion by which everyone can recognize healthy teeth at first glance. But sustainable oral health has other criteria. In total, healthy teeth can be recognized by seven signs.
Healthy teeth don't necessarily have to be shiny white or straight like a movie star. Just as diverse as people are their teeth. Here are the seven most important criteria for healthy teeth:
- White, beige to pale yellow teeth
- No discoloration
- Soft pink gums
- Straight and even tooth or dentition structure
- Clean interdental spaces
- Healthy enamel
- High quality fillings
White, beige to pale yellow teeth
The color of the teeth is largely determined by the dentin. The dentin or dentin forms the majority of the tooth. It has a bone-like structure, encloses the tooth nerves and is protected by the tooth enamel in the mouth area.
The color of the dentin is beige to yellowish, which can differ slightly from person to person. In addition, the color of the teeth is only marginally influenced by the tooth enamel. This is colorless and maximally breaks the original color of the dentine, so that it appears a little lighter than it actually is when viewed from the outside. As a result, yellowish teeth can be just as healthy as white ones.
Free from discoloration
Discoloration of the teeth is not natural and occurs through the consumption of stimulants such as coffee, tea and tobacco. Discoloration is not an immediate danger to teeth, but it makes them appear yellower and less beautiful.
In addition to thorough toothbrushing, professional teeth cleaning helps against external discoloration. The latter is not or at most partially financed by the statutory health insurances, but is covered by most private dental supplementary insurances.
Soft pink gums
Healthy gums are essential for healthy teeth and can be recognized by their pale pink color. Plaque, which basically consists almost entirely of bacteria, can accumulate between the gums and the tooth.
Plaque is a tough, whitish coating that can be easily removed by brushing your teeth thoroughly. If oral hygiene is neglected, plaque can be the basis for tooth decay, gingivitis and periodontitis. Over time, it hardens into tartar, which can then only be removed mechanically by the dentist.
Straight and even tooth structures
The arrangement of the teeth is not always perfect. If the teeth grow crooked, it is best to use braces in your youth, as the jaw is still growing and the position of the teeth is accordingly easier to shape.
The growth of the wisdom teeth represents an additional problem. Over generations, the human jaw has become smaller, which is why it often does not offer enough space for the wisdom teeth. The wisdom teeth of most people erupt early in adulthood and can put pressure on the other teeth in the dentition, changing their position.
Therefore, by the age of 17 at the latest, a conversation with the dentist should be conducted to determine whether the wisdom teeth can remain in the jaw or should be extracted.
Clean interdental spaces
Even with crooked teeth, the dentition can be quite healthy, but people with crooked teeth must pay particular attention to the cleanliness of the spaces between the teeth. Here it is important to use dental floss every day and to have the teeth checked annually by the dentist for contamination.
Of course, the care of the interdental spaces is also important with straight teeth, because plaque can also build up here, which can cause tooth decay, inflammation of the gums and periodontal disease.
Tooth enamel is the protective layer of the teeth and requires special care, as this layer can no longer be reproduced by the body. The enamel lightens the color of the tooth a little, so that teeth with damaged and thin enamel appear yellower than the rest of the healthy teeth. Acidic food and drink in particular can attack the tooth enamel, but also nocturnal teeth grinding can wear off the protective layer of the teeth in those affected over the years.
Toothpaste with fluoride additives helps to strengthen the tooth enamel by converting the natural hydroxyapatite of the tooth enamel into fluorapatite. The fluoroapatite is more acid-resistant and helps ward off tooth decay.
The only thing that can help against grinding teeth is a splint that has to be worn overnight and is paid for by health insurances in most cases.
High quality fillings
In the course of life, tooth decay can hardly be avoided. It is therefore important to identify tooth decay quickly - and to have it treated. Because even with a filling, a tooth can still be healthy and fully functional.
The best filling materials are gold and ceramic, but inexpensive plastic fillings can also be a sensible decision, but must be checked annually by the dentist.
Healthy teeth for a lifetime
Teeth are part of the body and need to be cared for to stay healthy for years. In addition to thorough dental hygiene and annual dental check-ups, it is therefore also important to avoid certain things that are bad for your teeth. This is the only way to keep healthy teeth into old age.
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